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28 terms

Unit 5: Struggle for Identity

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Reign of Terror
the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed
Napoleon
French general who became emperor of the French (1769-1821)
Estates General
assembly of the estates of all France
Bastille
The political prison and armory stormed on July 14, 1789, by Partisian city workers alarmed by the king's concentration of troops at Versailles
Communism
a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Lenin
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
Bourgeoisie
In early modern Europe, the class of well-off town dwellers whose wealth came from manufacturing, finance, commerce, and allied professions.
Guillotine
instrument of execution that consists of a weighted blade between two vertical poles
Louis XVI
King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793.
Marie Antoinette
queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular
Robespierre
A French political leader of the eighteenth century. A Jacobin, he was one of the most radical leaders of the French Revolution. He was in charge of the government during the Reign of Terror, when thousands of persons were executed without trial. After a public reaction against his extreme policies, he was executed without trial.
Tennis Court Oath
vow by members of the 3rd estate not to disband until a constitution was written
March on Versaille
pricing of bread was vary high, people were unhappy; led to 6,000 women marching to versailles to demand cheaper food; family fled to king room and locked in to be safe; crowd decided they did not want to kill her, and just took the bread.
Decleration of the Rights of Man
Written by the National Convention- declared all men could do anything as long as it did not harm others.
Socialism
an economic system based on state ownership of capital
Bolshevik
a Russian member of the left-wing majority group that followed Lenin and eventually became the Russian communist party
Trotsky
Russian revolutionary and Communist theorist who helped Lenin and built up the army
Czar Nicholas
abdicated his throne because russia was suffering due to his poor leadership and then he and his family were shot and killed
Bloody Sunday
1905, peaceful protest to czar Nicholas II palace, led by Father Gapon, fired on by palace guards, 100s died
March Revolution
Bolsheviks become the leaders of Russia.
November Revolution
Nov. 1917 when Lenin and Bolshevik followers over threw provisional government and took over the Russian government
Reds
a nickname given to communists by americans during the red scare and the cold war
Why do revolutions begin?
When the majority of the population have changing ideals such as rising expectations of the govt., they begin to want drastic changes which leads to revolution.
How can one predict a revolution?
By paying attention to the economic situation and well being of the population as well as their wants and needs.
How do people conduct a revolution?
Either violently overthrowing the current leadership or peacfully protesting and petitioning.
How do revolutions affect society?
By changing the social, economic and or governmental make-up of society.
How does revolution impact personal identity?
By changing the social, religious or economical status of one's self.