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39 terms

TESOL vocabulary

Major vocabulary for language development and TESOL Guess the acronym http://eflclassroom.com/flash/acronyms.swf Visit our Teacher training page http://eflclassroom.ning.com/page/teacher-training
STUDY
PLAY
Stages of Second Language Development
Preproduction...Early Production...Speech Emergent...Intermediate Fluency...Advanced Fluency
Preproduction
1 to 3 months...non verbal responses...activiely listens...responds to commands...reluctant to speak...TEACHERS: use gestures, realia, pictures...do not force students to speak
Early Production
1-2 word answers....mostly present tense verbs....TEACHERS: ask short answer questions...yes/no...either/or
Speech Emergent
Several months to 1 year...participates in small group activities...short phrases...some L1...grammar errors...TEACHERS: ask open ended questions...performance based assessments
Intermediate Fluency
3-5 years...struggles with abstract, cognitively demanding subjects, especially with literacy...few grammatical errors...TEACHERS: provide comprehensible & interactive activities...teach thinking & study skills
Advanced Fluency
5-7 yearss...developed content area vocabulary...participates in grade level activities with minimal support...TEACHERS: continue to support students as necessary
Krashen's Natural Approach
focus on natural communication...speech will emerge...goal is the learn BICS for everyday situations
BICS
Basic Interpersonal Communcation Skills...social & conversational language...2-3 years to understand social language..."recess talk"
Affective Filter
think of a car window...down: info passes through and students learn...up: high level of anxiety, blocks info from reaching learner
Cummin's Iceberg Model
surface features to two languages (top of two separated icebergs)...concepts are transferable from L1 to L2...CUP
Student Support Schema
4 quadrants of cognitive and lingusitc demands...TEACHERS: have cognitively demanding tasks that are context embedded
CALP
Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency...proficiency in the context reduced academic language...7 or more years to become proficient
Instrumental Motivation
learning L2 to achieve goals...for a career...corporation sends Japanese businessman to US for language training
Integrative Motivation
learning L2 to intergrate with culture...for immigration or marriage...Japanese-American parents send kids to Japanese language school
Fossilization
aka stablization...plateaus with L2...so accustomed to an error that he does not hear the correct use even though he is relatively fluent
Chomsky
born with capacity for language (aka universal grammar)...part of brain call the LAD (Language Aquistion Device)
Grammatical Approach
L2 is learned by memorizing rules and patterns...isolated from meaningful context
Behaviorism
learning is based on stimulus repsonse...Pavlov and Skinner were notable behaviorist
Grammar-Translation Method
associate with Greek & Latin...focused on grammatical rules, syntactic structures, rote memorization...time spent talking ABOUT language, but no time talking IN the language
Direct Method
learn best by listening in large quantities...connecting words and prases to actions and objects...L1 translation not allowed
Audiolingual Method
memorization & recall of patterns...patterned drills & dialouge to develop grammatical structures & vocabulary in a sequence
The Communicative Approach
student centered...communication based...not in a sequence...must provide context for authentic communication
Constructivism
meaning from experiences...born with ability to acquire language comprehension...enviromental interactions
The Silent Way
teacher is silent...students describe what they observe in L2...L1 not used...students develop their own critieria for language acquisition
The Natural Way
aka Krashen's Natural Approach...language develops naturally in stages...comprehension preceeds production...communicative goals guide instruction...interactive activities lower affective filter
Suggestopedia
fear of language learning stops rapid acquisition...create a relaxing environement to enhance acquisition...students see text in L1 then L2...use conversation, retelling, role playing...downfall was budget cuts
Community Language Learning
students choose what they want to learn...collaborate with each other...teacher is conselor...L1 is encouraged...similar to Natural Approach
Top-Down Method
traditional view at the contextual level...Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing
Bottom-Up Method
traditional order is reversed...writing taught first...students develop quicker because it is a private activity so the affective filter is low
Cognitive Approach
learner centered...learning functions (memory & cognition)...explicit teaching of learning stategies in communivative ways
CALLA
Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach...scaffolding, critical thinking & learning strategies guide learning...gradual release of responsibilities
SIOP
Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol...rubric to make content material comprehensible...preperation, building background, comprehensible input, learning strategies, interation, practice & application, lesson delivery, review & assessment
Zone of Proximal Development
span between with help & without help...Vygotsky's theory...instructional level is just beyond independent ability, but not unattainable (i + 1)
Total Physical Repsonse
student respond physically to lessons...Simon Says
Bilingual Education
part of day in L1 other part in L2...students are able to keep up with grade level work while learning English
Dual Immersion Education
native & non-native work together...all students learning through two languages being translated back to back...students assume leadership roles, grade level instruction in both languages...strive for bilingualism & biliteracy
Transitional Bilingual Education
first aquire fluency in L1...goal is to transition into English only classroom asap...3 years of lessons in L1 while learning L2...many skills transfer to the L2 later
ESL Pull Out
most expensive, least effective...common in elementary schools...students pulled out for a portion of the day to recieve instruction in ESL
ESL Collaboration/Push In
most of day in mainstream...team teaching & team planning...ESL instruction is integrated into the content areas using listening, speaking, reading, writing, study skills, content vocabulary & cultural orientation