Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Nealk2013 VA ch4 Consciousness
Understanding Psychology by Charles G. Morris and Albert A. Maisto. All vocabulary words.
Terms in this set (27)
Our awareness of various cognitive processes, such as sleeping, dreaming, concentrating, and making decisions.
Altered states of consciousness
Mental states that differ noticeably from normal waking consciousness (e.g., hypnosis)
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in all eukaryotic organisms and that persists even in the absence of external cues.
Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN)
A cluster of neurons in the hypothalamus that receives input from the retina regarding light and dark cycles and is involved in regulating the biological clock.
Rapid-eye movement (REM) or paradoxical sleep
brain-wave activity is remarkably similar to that of waking state. Eyes dart beneath lids; heart rate, blood pressure and breathing uneven; and slight body movements occu
non-REM (NREM) sleep
Stage of sleep that alternates with REM stages during the sleep cycle.
Frightening dreams that occur during REM sleep and are remembered.
A sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified; unlike nightmares, night terrors occur during Stage 4 sleep, within two or three hours of falling asleep, and are seldom remembered
Sleep disorder characterized by difficulty in falling asleep or remaining asleep throughout the night.
Sleep disorder characterized by breathing difficulty during the night and feelings of exhaustion during the day.
Hereditary sleep disorder characterized by sudden nodding off during the day and sudden loss of muscle tone following moments of emotional excitement.
Vivid visual and auditory experiences that occur primarily during REM periods of sleep.
Chemical substances that alter moods or perceptions that work by mimicking the activity of neurotransmitters, this includes stimulants, depressants, and hallucinogens.
A pattern of drug use that diminishes the ability to fulfill responsibilities at home, work, or school that results in repeated use of a drug in dangerous situations or that leads to legal difficulties related to drug use.
A pattern of compulsive drug taking that results in tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, or other specific symptoms for at least a year.
Experimental design useful in studies of the effects of drugs, in which neither the subject nor the researcher knows at the time of administration which subjects are receiving an active drug and which are receiving an inactive substance.
Chemically inactive substance used for comparison with active drugs in experiments on the effects of drugs.
Drugs (such as alcohol, barbiturates, and opiates) that reduce neural activity and slow body functions.
Depressant that is the intoxicating ingredient in whiskey, beer, wine, and other fermented or distilled liquors.
Potentially deadly depressants, first used for their sedative and anticonvulsant properties, now used only to treat such conditions as epilepsy and arthritis.
Drugs, such as opium and heroin, derived from the opium poppy, that dull the senses and induce feelings of euphoria, well-being, and relaxation. Synthetic drugs resembling opium derivatives are also classified as opiates.
Drugs, including amphetamines and cocaine, that stimulate the sympathetic nervous system and produce feelings of optimism and boundless energy.
Any of a number of drugs, such as LSD and mescaline, that distort visual and auditory perception.
lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
Hallucinogenic or "psychedelic" drug that produces hallucinations and delusions similar to those occurring in a psychotic state.
A mild hallucinogen that produces a "high" often characterized by feelings of euphoria, a sense of well-being, and swings in mood from gaiety to relaxation; may also cause feelings of anxiety and paranoia.
Any of the various methods of concentration, reflection, or focusing of thoughts undertaken to suppress the activity of the sympathetic nervous system.
Trance-like state in which a person responds readily to suggestions.
Sets with similar terms
Understanding Psychology Chapter 4
Chapter 4: States of Consciousness
AP Psych Chp. 4
Chapter 4 Psych Vocab
Sets found in the same folder
Nealk VA Psych ch 1 2nd semester
Nealk2013 VA Psych Chapter 2:The Biological Basis…
Nealk2013 VA ch3 Sensation and Perception
Psych ch 6
Other sets by this creator
Judicial Branch 2022
Citizenship and Civics 2022
Perspectives in Psychology
An intelligence test that asks a person how many uses they can think of for a golf ball is most, likely testing person's _____ intelligence. a. linguistic. b. practical. c. creative. d. intelligence. e. emotional intelligence.
Ryan Greene noticed an ad for an Internet dating service that claimed more people who used its service were in long- term relationships than were people who didn't use the service. Ryan, a good critical thinker, knows this isn't enough to claim that the service causes people to find long- term love, and he wants to create an experiment to investigate. Use the following terms to describe an experiment that would support or dispute the ad's claim. • Hypothesis • Random sample • Random assignment • Operational definitions • Independent variable • Depended variable • Inferential statistics
Which kind of therapy below is most closely associated with the goal of altering thoughts and actions? a. Aversive conditioning. b. Psychodynamic. c. Client-centered. d. Family. e. Cognitive-behavioral.
4 Bob has a fear of injections, but he has several appointments for shots over the next six months. Before each injection, the nurse disinfects the area of injection with an alcohol swab. After some time, Bob feels his heart rading whenever he gets a whiff of the alcohol. Which of the following is correct? a. Bob's heart racing is the conditioned response. b. Bob's heart racing is the unconditioned response. c. The injection is the conditioned stimulus. d. The injection is the neutral stimulus.
Recommended textbook solutions
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
Richard A. Kasschau
Understanding Psychology, Student Edition
Richard A. Kasschau
Other Quizlet sets
science state test review
Psych gender quiz 8:
7C Earth Science Test: The universe and stuff