the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, an the material objects that together form a people's way of life
the idea that people see and understand the world through the cultural lens of language.
culturally defined standards that people use to decide what is desirable, good, and beautiful and that serve as broad guidelines for social living.
large-scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals or more powerful energy sources.
a perspective recognizing the cutural diversity of the United States and promoting equal standing for all cultural traditions.
the fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, disrupting a cultural system.
a theoretical approach that explores ways in which human biology affects how we create culture.
_________ is a way of life, shared by members of a society. It shapes how we act, think, and feel.
We experience ________ __________ when we enter an unfamiliar culture and are not able to "read" meaning in our new surroundings.
mores and folkways
two types of norms: _________, which have great moral significance and ________, which are matters of everyday politeness.
T/F Values and norms (standards for how we should behave) reflect ideal culture, which differs from real culture (what actually occurs in everyday life).
We understand technological development in terms of stages of ____________ ____________.
hunting and gathering, horticulture and pastoralism, agriculture, industry, postindustrial information technology.
Name the stages of sociocultural evolution (5):
Culturally Diverse Society
We live in a __________ ________ ________. This is due to our history of immigration.
high culture and popular culture
Diversity reflects differences in social class that set off __________ __________ from __________ ___________.
____________ _____________ results when some parts of a cultural system change faster than others.
_________________ links people to their society but can cause misunderstanding and conflict between societies.
_______________ ____________ is increasingly important as people of the world come into more and more contact with each other.
The ______________ ______________ _____________ views culture as a relatively stable system built on core values. All cultural patterns play some part in the ongoing operation of society.
The ___________ ____________ __________ sees culture as a dynamic arena of inequality and conflict. Cultural patterns benefit some categories of people more than others.
_____________ explores how the long history of evolution has shaped patterns of culture in today's world.
T/F As cultural creatures, we have the capacity to shape and reshape our world to meet our needs and pursue our dreams.
Of all the world's countries, the United States is the most: A) multicultural B) culturally uniform C) slowly changing D) resistant to cultural diversity.
D) nonmaterial culture
Ideas created by members of a society are part of: A) high culture B) material culture C) norms D) nonmaterial culture
C) anything that has meaning to people who share a culture.
Sociologists define a symbol as: A) any gesture that divides a population B) any element of material culture C) anything that has meaning to people who share a culture D) any pattern that causes culture shock.
U.S. culture holds a strong belief in: A) the traditions of the past B) individuality C) equality of condition for all D) all of the above are correct
Cheating on a final examination is an example of violating campus: A) folkways B) symbols C) mores D) high culture
B) judging another culture using the standards of your own culture
Which of the following is a description of ethnocentrism? A) taking pride in your ethnicity B) judging another culture using the standards of your own culture C) seeing another culture as better than your own D) judging another culture by its own standards.
D) cultural patterns that set apart a segment of a society's population
Subculture refers to: A) a part of the population lacking culture B) elements of popular culture C) people who embrace high culture D) cultural patterns that set apart a segment of a society's population.
A) the Southwest
Which region of the United States has the largest share of people who speak a language other than English at home? A) the Southwest B) the Northeast C) the Northwest D) the South
In human history, the "dawn of civilization" took place with the development of: A) hunting and gathering B) pastoralism C) industry D) agriculture
B) the social-conflict approach
Which theoretical approach focuses on the link between culture and social inequality? A) the structural-functional approach B) the social-conflict approach C) the symbolic-interaction approach D) the sociobiology approach
the ideas created by members of a society (ex. democracy, cannot be physically touched)
refers to physical things (ex. cheeseburger, clothing, etc.)(can be physically touched)
Animal behavior is determined by ____________, biological programming over which the species has no control.
symbols, language, values, and norms
Though cultures vary greatly, they all have common elements including: (4)