Terms in this set (16)
Exaggerating the dangers of a certain topic or argument
Either/Or (Black or White)
Implying that a subject only has one or the other outcomes.
A conclusion based on the premise that if A happens, then eventually through a series of small steps, through B, C,..., X, Y, Z will happen, too, basically equating A and Z. So, if we don't want Z to occur, A must not be allowed to occur either.
Overly Sentimental Appeal
The overuse of emotions to persuade the audience.
"If everyone does this, I must do it!"
Appeals to False Authority
"4 out of 5 dentists agree that global warming is a hoax."
Assuming that one outcome is the only one.
Attacking the person instead of the argument
Stacking the Deck
Showing only one side of the argument and benefits the presenter's claim.
A conclusion based on insufficient or biased evidence.
Because one thing happens, then another, they have the same cause.
Begging the Question/Circular Reasoning
"X shouldn't be y because x isn't y."
Half-truths that give false appearance of honesty.
Claims, reasons, or warrants that don't connect logically.
Straw Man (Person)
Attacking of an argument that isn't there or a similar argument because it is easier to counter than the argument presented.
Inaccurate comparisons between objects or concepts