History of Comm Exam 2
Terms in this set (7)
Aristotle's classification of the human animal (1)
Humans are animals with logos.
What is logos? (1)
Logos is the Greek word for "word." We are animals with words. Humans are linguistic.
How do humans acquire language? (1)
Language is acquired in the polis. We are political animals. We learn language because we speak and have been spoken to. The potential for language is made actual in the polis or communities.
What is the nature of our being as humans?
The nature of our being is political, rational and linguistic (secondary characteristics). This is the means by which we know the world.
What is the role of poetry and the epidiectic? (1)
The role of epidiectic: You have to anchor that which changes or which is liable to forgetfulness in that which does not change. We find pleasure in playing with language because we are language-using animals and this allows for the exercise of our being. Play can be used in the task of remembering and maintaining culture. Culture changes from time to time and place to place. The content of culture is changing or liable to forgetfulness. Content is historical and cultural; products of persuasion. Harness that which is rhetorical (culture, historical content) in that which is poetic in order to remember things. Marry poetic impulse with rhetorical content. We associate form with that which is permanent (poetry) and content (rhetorical, historical).
What is the relationship between epidiectic and pragmatic rhetoric in Greece prior to invention of the alphabet?
In oral cultures, the epidiectic is understood in terms of the larger culture, and that part of the larger culture which is important. The wise ruler o judge daws upon the "treasure house" of cultural values and meanings which Walker refers to as the epos. The wise judge or ruler shows his awareness of the epos by calling upon the epea (use of words that are associated with the epos). The Bible is a part of the epos. The Gettysburg Address calls upon the epos by use of the epea, specifically, biblical words. Epidiectic, or that kind of rhetoric that is necessary for the maintenance of society, calls upon the epos by means of the epea.
Pragmatic rhetoric: a wise judge draws upon the epos. The discussion in legislatures is derived (from the epidiectic). Judicial and legislative rhetoric are derived discourses that use the epos.
What is Plato's critique of the relationship between epidiectic and pragmatic and philosophia other than his own?