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Which of the following statements regarding terrorism is NOT correct?
The majority of terrorist attacks are impulsive and unplanned.
In order to draw attention to their cause, _________________ attack a population's technological infrastructure.
An attack on an abortion clinic would MOST likely be carried out by a/an:
All of the following are examples of domestic terrorism, EXCEPT the:
World Trade Center attack.
To date, the preferred weapons of mass destruction for terrorists have been:
Biologic agents are:
naturally occurring organisms that are cultivated in a laboratory.
The terrorism carried out by groups that have close ties with a national government is referred to as:
Which of the following statements regarding chemical agents is correct?
Chemical agents are manmade substances that destroy living organisms.
A suicide bomber typically uses a(n) _______________ to achieve his or her objective.
When the National Terrorism Advisory System alerts responders to the potential for a terrorist attack:
you should take appropriate precautions while continuing to perform daily duties and responding to EMS calls.
Which of the following should make you the MOST suspicious of a terrorist attack or an incident involving a weapon of mass destruction?
You receive a call involving multiple patients with similar signs and symptoms.
Which of the following is a preincident indicator of terrorism?
Increase in violent political activism
Upon arriving at a scene involving a weapon of mass destruction, you should:
stage upwind and uphill from the incident
If you are at the scene of an incident that potentially involves a weapon of mass destruction and other emergency resources are en route, it is MOST important for you to give the dispatcher information regarding the:
optimal route of approach.
Requesting a hazardous materials team as early as possible to a scene involving a weapon of mass destruction is MOST important because:
it takes time for the hazardous materials team to assemble their personnel and equipment.
Upon arriving at a scene in which the incident command system has already been established, you should:
locate the medical staging officer to receive your assignment.
When triaging patients at the scene of an explosion, you should be especially aware of the fact that:
a secondary explosive device may be present.
In contrast to volatile chemical agents, nonvolatile chemical agents:
can remain on surfaces for long periods of time, usually longer than 24 hours
Vesicant agents inflict injury by causing:
burn-like blisters to form on the skin and in the respiratory tract.
All of the following chemicals are vesicant agents, EXCEPT:
Gray discoloration of the skin is a sign of permanent damage seen following exposure to:
lewisite and phosgene oxime.
lewisite and phosgene oxime.
the patient experiences a progressive reddening of the affected area, which will gradually develop into large blisters.
In contrast to sulfur mustard, lewisite and phosgene oxime exposures:
cause a rapid onset of signs and symptoms.
Which of the following statements regarding vesicant agent treatment is correct?
No antidotes exist for sulfur mustard or phosgene oxime exposure.
Initial exposure to __________ produces upper airway irritation and a choking sensation.
Which of the following statements regarding phosgene is correct?
Phosgene is a product of combustion and may be encountered at a fire involving a textile factory or the burning of freon.
Nerve agents block _______________, an essential enzyme of the nervous system.
When sarin is on clothing, it has the effect of off-gassing, which means that:
its vapors are continuously released over a period of time.
In contrast to sarin, soman:
is five times as lethal and has a fruity odor.
Which of the following statements regarding tabun is correct?
Tabun has a fruity smell and an appearance similar to sarin
Unlike G-series agents, VX is:
so persistent that, given the proper conditions, it will remain relatively unchanged for weeks to months.
Signs and symptoms of nerve agent exposure include all of the following, EXCEPT:
The seizures associated with nerve agent exposure:
will continue until a MARK 1 antidote is administered.
MARK 1 and DuoDote antidote kits contain:
atropine and pralidoxime chloride.
What do tabun, sarin, soman, and V agent all have in common?
The onset of symptoms following exposure is immediate.
The symptoms and medical management of patients poisoned by _____________ are identical to those of the nerve agents.
Signs and symptoms of significant cyanide exposure include:
Mild effects of cyanide exposure:
generally resolve by simply removing the victim from the environment and administering oxygen.
Which of the following chemical agents has the smell of freshly cut grass?
A biologic agent's incubation period is especially important for the paramedic to understand because:
the patient may be contagious despite the absence of signs and symptoms.
Smallpox is in its MOST contagious phase when:
blisters begin to form.
In contrast to the lesions associated with other skin disorders, the lesions associated with smallpox:
are identical in size and shape.
If an outbreak of smallpox were to occur, vaccinations would be offered to
anyone at risk of infection
A terrorist would MOST likely disseminate smallpox via:
Signs and symptoms of smallpox generally appear within ___ days following exposure.
10 to 12
Viral hemorrhagic fevers include all of the following, EXCEPT:
Infection with the Ebola virus is characterized by:
internal and external hemorrhage.
Anthrax is a bacterium that:
lies dormant in a spore and is released when exposed to the optimal temperature and moisture
Although __________ anthrax is the most deadly, __________ anthrax is the only form that is communicable.
Bubonic plague is:
characterized by lymph node enlargement
In contrast to viruses and bacteria, neurotoxins:
are not contagious, but do have a faster onset of symptoms.
Ricin is a neurotoxin that is derived from:
mash that is left from the castor bean.
Which of the following statements regarding ricin is correct?
Ricin is extremely toxic by many routes of exposure
Whether ingested or inhaled, ricin poisoning causes:
fever, chills, and a headache.
Which of the following biologic agents is highly transmittable from person to person?
When conducting syndromic surveillance, patients who present with signs and symptoms of __________ are especially significant
The Strategic National Stockpile's points of distribution are:
preestablished facilities for the mass distribution of antibiotics, antidotes, vaccines, and other medications and supplies.
In contrast to alpha radiation, beta radiation:
requires a layer of clothing to stop it.
___________ is/are the fastest and most powerful form of radiation and can easily penetrate through lead.
Which of the following statements regarding a radiologic dispersal device (RDD) is correct?
An RDD is any container designed to disperse radioactive material and requires the use of an explosive device.
The destructive capability of a dirty bomb is
limited to the explosives that are attached to it.
The likelihood of a nuclear attack on the United States is:
remote because other nations do not have the ability to deliver a nuclear weapon via missile or bomb.
Radiation exposure that occurs through the body is MOST appropriately termed:
Common signs of acute radiation illness include all of the following, EXCEPT:
. Which of the following statements regarding radiation is correct?
It is impossible to recognize the type of radiation emitted from a given source.
The BEST way to protect yourself from the effects of radiation is to:
use time, distance, and shielding to your advantage.
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