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34 terms

History Ch. 24 test Vietnam review

Test prep for 8th gr. History test on Vietnam 2008
STUDY
PLAY
Ho Chi Minh
leader of the Communist Party in Indochina after WWII; led Vietnamese against the French, then North Vietnamese against the United States in the Vietnam War
Diem
Leader of South Vietnam, 1954-1963; supported by United States, but not by Vietnamese Buddhist majority; assassinated in 1963
Vietcong
Communist guerillas in South Vietnam who fought against South Vietnam and US forces
2 important events in 1964
Gulf of Tonkin resolution Free speech movement begins
4 important events in 1968
My Lai massacre Tet offensive MLK and RFK both assassinated
fell to Communism in1975
South Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos
Domino theory
Belief that if one country fell to communism, neighboring countries would likewise fall
Gulf of Tonkin
1964 Congressional resolution authorizing President Johnson to take military action in Vietnam
Tet Offensive
1968 attack by Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces throughout South Vietnam
Indochina
Laos Cambodia Vietnam
US presidents that were in office during Vietnam
Eisenhower Kennedy (advisors) / Johnson Nixon
My Lai massacre
Happened in a small village in South Vietnam thought to be sheltering Viet Cong was raided by American troops
tell about the My Lai massacre
The soldiers only found women, children, old men. The US soldiers killed more than 400 villagers in the massacre until Pilot Hugh Thompson stopped them.
Napalm
Highly flammable chemical dropped from US planes in firebombing attacks during the Vietnam War.
Pentagon Papers
June 1971 the New York Times began publishing articles based on a classified government study of American involvement in the Vietnam War.
What surfaced from the Pentagon Papers?
The government officials had lied to congress and made secret deals with the French and been fighting a secret war against the North Vietnamese since 1960s.
Teach ins
Special session of lecture and discussion on a controversial topic that often occurred during the Vietnam War era
# of troops over in Vietnam war in 1965
184,000
# of troops over in Vietnam war in 1968
536,000
saturation bombing
The dropping of a large concentration of bombs over a certain area
Vietnam war (life cost)
US soldiers 58,000 died 300,000 wounded 2,500 POW/MIA
Vietnam war (financial cost)
$150 billion cost
outcome of the Vietnam war
April 29, 1975 airlift of 1,000 Americans and 6,000 Vietnamese US stopped fighting in 1973 April 30, 1975 North Vietnam takes complete control.
Silent Majority
Term used by President Nixon to describe Americans who disapproved of the counterculture.
George Wallace
1968 Independent party candidate for President Governor of Alabama
Eugene McCarthy
1968 Democratic candidate for President
Eugene McCarthy 's position on the Vietnam war
agaist
it was a close primary between Eugene McCarthy and
LBJ (Lindon Johnson)
Public reaction to MLK assassination
Rioting, setting fires, and looting in 124 cities 45 people died in the violence
Robert Kennedy won what primary
California primary
Name the Repubblican candidate in the1968 election
Nixon
Name the Democratic candidate in the1968 election
Humphrey
Name the American Independent candidate in the1968 election
George Wallace
What did Walter Cronkite say that made LBJ decide not to run?
The war was going to end in a stalemate