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US History Quarterly
Terms in this set (28)
Impact of railroad ending the western frontier
Drew many people in. Native Americans lost their land. Population grew in west. Many job oppourtunities emerged.
1887, Aimed to "Americanize" Native Americans. Broke up reservations and gave some of the reservation land to individual Native Americans
1862, provided free land up to 160 acres to people who would settle on it for five years.
The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle.
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
a factory fire that killed 146 workers trapped in the building; led to new safety standard laws
Resources used for skyscrapers
William Le Baron Jenny designed first skyscraper with a steel frame.
Interstate Commerce Act
1887, reestablished the right of the federal government to supervise railroad activities & established a five-member Interstate Commerce Commission.
a process in which he bought out his suppliers in order to control the raw materials and transportation systems.
Regional Processing of Immigration Hubs
Angel island west coast (mainly Asians).
Ellis islands on easy coast (mainly Europeans). Treated immigrants very bad
Chinese Exclusion Act
1882, banner entry to all Chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and government officials.
Goal of Americanism
Designed to assimilate people of wide-ranging cultures into the dominant culture (American)
Social Gospel Movement
a movement emphasizing the application of Christian principles to social problems. Preached salvation through service to the poor
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites
Plessy v. Ferguson
1896 ruling that separate but equal facilities for different races were not unconstitutional.
African American voting restrictions
No African Americans could vote. If they could read and write they had a chance, but had to pay a poll tax (tax paid prior to voting), and most African Americans were poor
Development of late 19th century cities
Many cities had new technological advances, such as skyscrapers and subway systems.
1906 - Journalists who searched for corruption in politics and big business
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment.
Impact of The Jungle
Made new safety laws in food factories. Strict rules were implemented into factory conditions.
Pure Food and Drug Act
Halted the sale of contaminated foods and medicines and called for truth in labeling.
Main goal of NAACP
Aimed for nothing less than full equality among the races
Historical significance of the Roosevelt corollary
Allowed US to maintain control of their land in Latin America
Treaty of Paris 1898
Treaty of Paris (1898) - ended Spanish - American War
Theodore Roosevelt's foreign policy motto
"Speak softly and carry a bid stick" promoted persuasion
because the Atlantic ocean separated the u.s. form Europe American does not join ww1, until they want to take a W
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty particularly known for its harsh reparations towards the Germans after World War I. Made Germany ineligible to have an army.
Significance of pre-WW1 alliances
Once one country declared war on another, it was a domino effect with all their allies
US gains for women during WW1
Allowed women to join military, but not the infantry. Allowed doctors, nurses, cooks, etc.
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