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14 terms

Ch. 2 Body Position Terms

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superior or cephalic
Directional term meaning toward the head, or above.
inferior or caudal
Directional term meaning toward the feet or tail, or below.
anterior or ventral
Directional term meaning near or on the front or belly side of the body.
posterior or dorsal
Directional term meaning near or on the back or spinal cord side of the body.
medial
Directional term meaning to the middle or near the middle of the body or the structure.
lateral (lat)
Directional term meaning to the side.
proximal
Directional term meaning located closest to the point of attachment to the body.
distal
Directional term meaning located farthest from the point of attachment to the body.
apex
Directional term meaning tip or summit.
base
Directional term meaning bottom or lower part.
superficial
Directional term meaning toward the surface of the body.
deep
Directional term meaning away from the surface of the body.
supine
Directional term meaning lying horizontally and facing upward.
prone
Directional term meaning lying horizontally facing downward.