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Terms in this set (77)
What is substance dependence?
What is substance abuse?
Affects your everyday life
What is drug misuse?
Drug taking behavior in which a prescription or OTC drug is used inappropriately.
What are psychoactive drugs?
Alter feelings, our thoughts, our perceptions of the world and our behaviors.
What are illicit/licit drugs?
Heroin, coke and marijuana, meth, thizz, LSD, PCP, Special K and GHP (ILLEGAL). Alchohol, nicotine, caffeine (LEGAL)
What are over the counter drugs?
Anyone can buy it no need for a prescription
What are patent medicines?
A drug or combination of drugs sold through peddlers, shops, mail-order advertisements.
What is tolerance?
The capacity pf a drug to produce a gradually diminished physical or psychological effect upon repeated administrations of the drug at the same dose level.
What is kindling effect?
A phenomenon in the brain that produces a heightened sensitivity tp repeated administrations of some drugs, such as cocaine. This heightened sensitivity is the opposite of the phenomenon of tolerance.
What are withdraw symptoms?
Basically extrememly irritable and an increase dependence.
What is prescription drugs?
Prescribed by a doctor
What is an addiction?
A dependence on a drug.
What is physchological dependence?
crave drugs to satisfy life
What is physical dependence?
Develops toleranceto the effects of the drug and need more an more.
What is the margin of safety?
The ratio of a lethal dose for percent 1 of the population to the effective dose for 99 percent of the population.
What is chronic toxicity?
The physical of psychological harm a drug might cause over a long period of time.
What is pharmacological violence?
Violent acts commited while under the influence of a particular psychoactive drug, with the implication that the drug caused violence to occur.
What us the Harrison Act of 1914?
Treasury department was in charge of regulating drugs and restriction on opiate drugs and cocaine.
What is the Comprehensive Drug act of 1970?
Created the 5 Schedules. From Highly Restricted to easily available.
What are the 5 schedules of controlled substances?
1. LSD, MDMA, Mary Jane
2. Ritalin, concerta, Focalin, OXY
3. Anabolic Steriods
5. No one really wants these such as Pregabalin(gives u the shyts)
What are the DAWN reports?
What is intravenous?
Into the vein
What is intramuscular
Into the muscle
What is subcutaneous?
underneath the skin
What is intranasal?
applied to the mucous membranes of the nose
What is sublingual
applied under the tongue
What is transdermal patch
device attached to the skin that slowly delivers the drug through skin absorption
What is biotransformation
the process of changing the molecular structure of a drug into forms that make it easier for the body to excrete it
What is a metabolite?
A by product resulting from the biotransformation process
What is cross tolerance?
...A phenomenon in which the tolerance that results from the chronic use of one drug induces a tolerance effect with regard to a second drug that has not been used before.
What brain structures are involved in addiction?
What is the central nervous system
The protion of the nervous systemthat consists of the spinal cord and the brain.
What is the peripheral nervous system
The protion of the nervous system that consists of nerves and nerce fibers that carry information to the central nervous system and outward to muscles and glands.
What is the sympathetic branch pf the autonomic nervous system?
The portion of the autonomic nervous system that controls bodily changes that deal with stressful or emergency situations.
What is the parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system?
The portion of the autonomic nervous system that controls the bodily changes that lead to increased nurturance, rest, and maintenance.
What are neurotransmitters?
A chemical substance that a neuron uses to communicate information at the synapse.
What are agonist?
Drug that binds to receptors and intiates a cellular response and has affinity and efficacy. Agonist promote the active state
What are antagonists
Drug that binds to receptors cannot initiate a cellular response but prevent agonist from producinf a response. Affinity but np efficact. Agonist maintain the active/ inactive equalibrum
What is reuptake?
The process by which a neurotransmitter returns from the receptor site to the synaptic knob.
A neurotransmitter active in the parastmpatjetic autonomic nervous system, cerebral cortex and peripheral somatic nerves.
A neurotransmitter active in the sympathetic autonomic nervous system and in many regions of the brain.
What is dopamine?
A neurotransmitter in the brain whose activityis related to emotionality and motor control.
What is serotonin or 5HT
A neurotransmitter in the brain whose activity is related to emotionality and sleep patterns.
What is GABA
An inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. Antianxiety drugs trnd to facilitate the activity level of GABA in the brain.
What is Glutamate?
An excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain. Glutamate recptors are associated with actions of PCP and ketamine and with feelings of drug craving.
What is blood brain barrier?
A system whereby some substances in the bloodstream are excluded from entering the system..
Which neurotransmitters are affected by nicotine?
What is the a placebo?
Latin term translated " I WillPlease." ANy onert substance that producesa psychological or physiological reaction
What is randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study?
What is elimination half-life?
The length of time it takes for a drug to be reduced to 50 percent of its equilibrium level in the bloodstream.
What is latency period?
An interval of time during which the blood levels of a drug are not yet sufficient for a drug effect to be observed.
What are anabolic steroids?
What are designer drugs?
What is a CSN depressant?
What is CSN stimulant?
What is formication
what makes you happy
from poppy seeds, tooth paste && calm nerves
cough syrup and pills
cough surpressant; anti social
opium and codine and stimulates you
The taking of heroin on an occasional basis
What is vicodin
What is fentanyl
triggers the release of epinephrine (adrenaline) which stimulates the central nervous system.
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