24 terms



Terms in this set (...)

Summer solstice
In the northern hemisphere, the number of hours of daylight begins to shorten after the:
Winter solstice
In the Northern Hemisphere, which of the following days has the fewest hours of daylight?
Smaller, lower
In summer, humid regions typically have ____ daily temperature ranges and ____ maximum temperatures than drier regions.
In the afternoon between 2 and 5 pm
In most areas, the warmest time of the day about 5 feet above the ground occurs:
Incoming solar radiation
In meteorology, the word insolation refers to:
Colder; warmer
In clear weather, the air next to the ground is usually ____ than the air above during the night and ____ than the air above during the day.
In July, at middle latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere, the day is ____ long and is ____ with each passing day.
More than 12 hours; getting shorter
Ideal conditions for a strong radiation inversion are:
Clear, calm, dry, winter night
During the winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere,
All of these
During the winter in the Northern Hemisphere, the "land of the midnight sun" would be found:
At high latitudes
During the afternoon, the greatest temperature difference between the surface air and the air several meters above occurs on a:
Clear, calm afternoon
During summer near the North Pole, the sun is above the horizon ____ in the mid-latitudes.
On March 20
During an equinox,
The sun is directly above the equator, 0 degrees latitude
Considering each hemisphere as a whole, seasonal temperature variation in the Southern Hemisphere is ____ that in the Northern Hemisphere.
At what time during a 24-hour day would a radiation temperature inversion best be developed?
Near sunrise
At the North Pole the sun will rise above the horizon on ____ and set below the horizon on ____.
March 21, September 23
An important reason for the large daily temperature range over deserts is that:
There is little water vapor in the air to absorb and re-radiate infrared radiation
Although the polar regions radiate away more heat energy than they receive by insolation in the course of a year, they are prevented from becoming progressively colder each year by the:
Circulation of heat by the atmosphere and oceans
A radiation inversion is most commonly observed:
Just above the ground
Without the atmospheric greenhouse effect, the average surface temperature would be:
Lower than at present
Which of the following provides a measure of the average speed of air molecules?
Which of the following is the poorest conductor of heat?
still air
Which of the following has a wavelength shorter than that of violet light?
Ultraviolet radiation
Which of the following determine the kind (wavelength) and amount of radiation that an object emits?