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39 terms

Evolve Ch 16 Integumentary System

Florida Institute of Animal Arts access
STUDY
PLAY
Layers of Skin
Epidermis, Dermis, Subcutis
Epidermis (provides?)
(provides) protection (and keeps the body from dehydrating)
Dermis
connected to the epidermis (w/ fingerlike projections called papillae)
Subcutis
loosely attaches the skin to the underlying tussues and structures (SQ fluids, meds, vaccines given here)
Sebaceous Glands (produces?)
(produces) sebum (an oily substance that keeps the skin and fur relatively soft, pliable, and waterproof)
Sweat Glands (produce?)
(produce) watery secretions (on cats and dogs they are located on the tongue and foot pads)
Circumoral glands
(pheromone producing) glands around the mouth of a cat
Perianal Glands
pheromone producing glands AROUND the dogs anus
Anal Glands
pair of pheromone glands near the anus (located @4&8 o'clock positions around the anal opening, expressed during defecation)
Toenails
(specialized) keratinized epithelial cells
Quick
dermal tissue you may be able to see thru a white nail
(each hair follicle has an) arrector pili muscle (responsible for this?)
piloerection (used for thermoregulation or dramatic display)
Whiskers
(referred to as) tactile hairs (they are far more sensitive to touch)
Wound Healing (4stages)
Inflammatory stage, Debridement stage, Repair stage, Maturation stage
Inflammatory stage, Debridement stage, Repair stage, Maturation stage
Wound Healing (4stages)
Alopecia
condition of hair loss
FAD
Flea Allergy Dermatitis
Dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
Pruritus
state of itching
Urticaria
wheal formation on the ski (aka hives)
Onychectomy
surgical removal of a nail
Pyoderma
skin pus
Dermatophytosis
ringworm (condition of ring like skin lesions)
Fibroplasia
process of forming fibrous tissue (as in wound healing)
bathing steps
protect eyes w lube, protect ears w cotton balls, trim nails w clippers, brush out, get wet/soak, lather/cleanse/ rinse, dip, dry, clip hair
(steps to) express anal glands
lift tail, glove hand, insert lubed finger, locate anal gland, use outside thumb, draw thumb and finger caudally, rotate finger to other sac, repeat, apply ointment
enema solutions
tap water; 2-5ml per lb, repeat in 30min, mineral oil; 1ml per lb, repeat 1-2 hrs, premade solutions;
enema steps
fill solution into bag, pinch off tubing using a clamp (to prevent leakage), lube catheter tip, inset tip about 3inches, release clamp and let gravity work, do not force liquid into rectum (keep pressure low), close clamp, remove from rectum
hemostasis
stoppage of bleeding
macrophages
large phagocytes
epithelialization
formation of skin across the wound
purulent exudates
pus (an exudate consisting of leukocytes, liquefied dead tissue debris, dead & living bacteria.)
thrombus
blood clot
Epidermis, Dermis, Subcutis
layes of skin
fibroblast
an immature cell from which connective tissue can develop
mast cell
histamine cell (cell that secretes heparin and histamine; allergic reaction)
melanocyte
pigment cell (cell that produces melanin)
Inflammatory stage, Debridement stage, Repair stage, Maturation stage
wound healling (stages)
tap water; 2-5ml per lb, repeat in 30min, mineral oil; 1ml per lb, repeat 1-2 hrs, premade solutions;
enema solutions