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Ch# 10-11 anthro
Terms in this set (31)
The ability to influence or cause people or groups to do certain things that they would not do otherwise.
A type of magic based on the notion that working magic on an image of an animal or person will cause the same effect on the actual animal or person.
A type of magic based on the idea that something that has contact with a person or animal contains some essence of that being and magic performed on the item will have the same effect as if performed
A belief system that focuses on one all-powerful supernatural being.
The cultural rule formulated by a society and backed up by sanctions.
A society with unequal access to resources within the same gender and status group.
A part-time practitioner of the supernatural who has special powers to mediate between the supernatural world and the community.
Process involving a structure and mechanisms to ensure that people do not violate the society's accepted forms of behavior.
An organized movement that occurs during times of change that involve perceived loss of traditional cultural values.
A society where individuals within the same category of age and gender have equal access to wealth, prestige and power.
A type of society with a hereditary office of chief, social stratification, and redistributive economy
A belief that transcends the observable, natural world.
An invisible being that exhibits form, personality, attitudes, and powers.
A belief system consisting of many supernatural beings of approximately equal power.
Unseen powers that are not personified and may be manipulated to achieve good or evil.
A society where the individual's access to prestige and wealth is limited by the number of positions available.
A full-time supernatural practitioner who is part of a bureaucracy.
The techniques used to manipulate supernatural forces and beings.
rite of intensification
Ritual, often seasonal, that reinforces group solidarity, cultural values and group social and political status relationships.
The exercise of legitimate power, the right to rule invested by members of the community in its leaders.
One who has had direct communication with a god. Often receives a message that articulates a plan of action for the group.
A societal type common in foraging groups and marked by egalitarian social structure and lack of specialization.
An association of people who share a common identity, including geographic boundaries, common language, and culture.
rites of passage
Ritual associated with the social movement of an individual from one culturally defined role and status to another
Ascribed and achieved differences between two classes within a society.
The violation of an ideal pattern of behavior within a society.
A group that cross-cuts a society and whose membership is based on common interest rather than kinship or residence.
A type of society marked by egalitarian social structure, based on horticultural and pastoral economies, and integrated by various types of kinship organizations and sodalities.
A group of people who have a similar relationship to wealth, power, and prestige.
Behavior that is formalized, regularly repeated and has symbolic content.
A ranked group with membership determined at birth.
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