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42 terms

Root Words and Prefixes

A root is the basic element of a word, and it is the foundation on which the meaning of a word is built. Many roots are real words in their own right: graph (a diagram) and term (a fixed time or date), for example. Although these roots can have other elements, they don't need other elements to be complete. Most roots, however, do need other elements. For example, the roots archy (government) and dox (opinion or belief) need to be combined with other word elements, like prefixes, suffixes, or eve…
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agri
field
ante
before
anthropo
man
auto
self
bene
good
anti
against,counter
demos
people
endo
within
ex
out
fac
to make or do
manu
hand
mit
to send
mono
one, alone
neo
new
non
not, the reverse of
pan
all
pre
before
post
after
poly
many
port
to carry
pro
for
proto
first
retro
backward
spect
to look
trans
across
astro
star
bio
life
cardio
heart
chromo
color
dyna
power
geo
earth
helio
sun
hydro
water
magni
great, big
terra
earth
thermo
heat
post
after
inter
between, among
intra
within
sub
under
circum
around
super
above, greater than,better