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Westward Expansion Terms
Terms in this set (15)
"Gateway to the West"
nicknames given to embarkation points such as, St. Louis used by pioneers to begin their travels west.
a railroad system that stretched across the country.
Great American Desert and Great Breadbasket
nicknames given to the Great Plains due to its harsh dry conditions, yet great potential for growing crops such as corn and wheat.
Homestead Act of 1861
Signed by Abraham Lincoln, provided settlers also known as "homesteaders" 160 acres for a small fee. After building a house and living there for 5 years the land would be theirs.
needed to till the hard packed earth, when planting crops in the Great Plains.
This new fencing method created boundaries for farms/properties and effectively controlled livestock such as cows.
The belief that the United States should keep expanding west, across the continent, to the Pacific Ocean.
early settlers such as farmers, miners, ranchers, and immigrants who moved west.
someone looking for mineral deposits (usually gold).
a rapid movement of people to a newly discovered goldfield. The first major gold rush was to California in 1848-49
a town undergoing rapid growth due to sudden prosperity. Often used to meet the needs of prospectors.
Cowboy and Ranchers
an animal herder who tends cattle on ranches.
A war fought between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 1848. The United States won the war, encouraged by the feelings of many Americans that the country was accomplishing its manifest destiny of expansion.
was a name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century, as part of the Exoduster Movement or Exodus of 1879. It was the first general migration of blacks following the Civil War.
a legal designation for an area of land managed by a Native American tribe under the US Bureau of Indian Affairs, rather than the state governments of the United States in which they are physically located.
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