Chapter 11 Vocab
Terms in this set (50)
the holder of an office or post.
social work directly concerned with individuals, especially that involving a study of a person's family history and personal circumstances.
the use of government funds for projects designed to please voters or legislators and win votes.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
a tactic used by a company threatened with an unwelcome takeover bid to make itself unattractive to the bidder.
Speaker of the House
The presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The Speaker, a member of the House, is elected by a majority party caucus.
the chief spokesperson for the majority party, as the president of the Senate is also the Vice-President of the United States, and the President pro tempore
An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefinitely, thus preventing the Senate from taking action to the bill. Term. marginal districts. Definition. Political districts in which candidates elected to the House win in close elections, typically by less than 55 percent of the vote.
the minority leader is the floor leader of the second largest caucus in a legislative body.
a law that automatically terminates a regulatory agency, board, or function of government on a certain date, unless renewed.
A filibuster is a political procedure where one or more members of parliament or congress debate over a proposed piece of legislation so as to delay or entirely prevent a decision being made on the proposal.
(in a legislative assembly) a procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote.
A government or state agency, often an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government that is responsible for the oversight and administration of specific functions, such as an intelligence agency. ... Agencies can be established by legislation or by executive powers.
The incumbent is the current holder of a political office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). ... A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.
Both earmarks and pork barrel spending involve spending money on certain projects or specific events. Projects paid for by earmarking are more likely to benefit a larger portion of the population.
Trustee is a legal term which, in its broadest sense, is a synonym for anyone in a position of trust and so can refer to any person who holds property, authority, or a position of trust or responsibility for the benefit of another
Politico is an American political journalism company based in Arlington County, Virginia, that covers politics and policy in the United States and internationally.
a person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular an elected representative sent to a conference.
The president pro tempore of the United States Senate, also president pro tem, is the second-highest-ranking official of the United States Senate.
number of people who are aware of a politician.
The congressional franking privilege, which dates from 1775, allows Members of Congress to transmit mail matter under their signature without postage. Congress, through legislative branch appropriations, reimburses the U.S. Postal Service for the franked mail it handles.
a permanent committee that meets regularly.
A joint committee is a committee made up of members of both chambers of a bicameral legislature. In other contexts, it refers to a committee with members from more than one organization.
A conference committee is a committee of the United States Congress appointed by the House of Representatives and Senate to resolve disagreements on a particular bill.
a small legislative committee appointed for a special purpose.
A congressional subcommittee in the United States Congress is a subdivision of a United States congressional committee that considers specified matters and reports back to the full committee.
Ways and Means Committee
The Committee on Ways and Means is the chief tax-writing committee of the United States House of Representatives. Members of the Ways and Means Committee are not allowed to serve on any other House Committee unless they apply for a waiver from their party's congressional leadership.
The House Rules Committee considers all bills reported from policy and fiscal committees and determines whether, and in what order, to schedule their consideration on the floor of the House. The Rules Committee also reviews, adopts and schedules consideration of floor resolutions.
The Judiciary Committee, with 20 members, is in charge of conducting hearings prior to the Senate votes on confirmation of federal judges (including Supreme Court justices) nominated by the President, as well as presidential appointments in the Department of Justice.
The United States House Committee on Appropriations is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. The committee is responsible for passing appropriation bills along with its Senate counterpart.
Foreign Relations Committee
The United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations is a standing committee of the United States Senate. It is charged with leading foreign-policy legislation and debate in the Senate.
Jurisdiction is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.
Congressional oversight includes the review, monitoring, and supervision of federal agencies, programs, activities, and policy implementation. Congress exercises this power largely through its congressional committee system.
the process of concentrating on and becoming expert in a particular subject or skill.
A committee chair serves as the parliamentary head of a committee. The chair sets the committee's agenda, determining when—or in many states, whether—bills will be considered. Other responsibilities of a committee chair typically include: Calling the committee together to perform its duties.
Seniority System is a system existing in companies granting preference to seniors in accordance with their length of service or seniority.
(in some US states) a meeting at which local members of a political party register their preference among candidates running for office or select delegates to attend a convention.
A bill is proposed legislation under consideration by a legislature. A bill does not become law until it is passed by the legislature and, in most cases, approved by the executive.
a member of a constituency.
Legislative Veto. In administrative law, a provision that allows a congressional resolution (passed by a majority of congress, but not signed by the President) to nullify a rulemaking or other action taken by an executive agency.
Congressional staff are employees of the United States Congress or individual members of Congress.
In the process of setting electoral districts, gerrymandering is a practice intended to establish a political advantage for a particular party or group by manipulating district boundaries.
Redistricting is the process of drawing electoral district boundaries in the United States.
the process by which congressional districts are redrawn and seats are redistributed among states in the house. reapportionment occurs every ten years, when census data reportsshifts in the population of districts. each district must have an equal number of residents.
a legislative seat that is likely to be retained with a large majority in an election.
The chairman (also chairperson, chairwoman or chair) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly. The person holding the office is typically elected or appointed by the members of the group.
In legislative procedure, a rider is an additional provision added to a bill or other measure under the consideration by a legislature, having little connection with the subject matter of the bill. Riders are usually created as a tactic to pass a controversial provision that would not pass as its own bill.
In the United States Senate, a hold is a parliamentary procedure permitted by the Standing Rules of the United States Senate which allows one or more Senators to prevent a motion from reaching a vote on the Senate floor.
The system under which committee chairs are awarded to members who have the longest continuous service on the committee
Logrolling is the trading of favors, or quid pro quo, such as vote trading by legislative members to obtain passage of actions of interest to each legislative member. In an academic context, the Nuttall Encyclopedia describes logrolling as "mutual praise by authors of each other's work".