R.S - Islam
Terms in this set (85)
Which muslims follow the 6 beliefs?
What are the sunni 6 beliefs?
Prophets, Tawhid, Angels, Al-Qadr, Holy Books, Day of Judgement
What is the day of judgement?
One day Allah will end the world. Humans will stand before Allah to be judged on whether they go to heaven or hell.
Quote for Tawhid
"He is God, the one, God the eternal" Surah
Quote for Angels
"He sends down Angels with inspiration at his command" Surah
Quote for Prophets
"We believe in God and in what was sent down to us" Surah
Quote for Holy Books
"We sent it down on the night of glory"
Quote for Day of judgement
"If he pleases he will have mercy on you, If he pleases he will punish you." Surah
Quote for Al-Qadr
"God does not change the condition of a people unless they change what is in themselves." Surah
What is Al-Qadr?
Pre-destination: Nothing happens without Allah's will. Humans have free will to make choices but Allah knows us so well that he knows what these choices will be.
What kind of muslims believe in the 5 roots?
What are the five roots?
Mi'ad, Tawhid, Imamah, Adl, Nubuwwah
What is Mi'ad?
Life after death, resurrection and judgement.
What is Imamah?
After Muhammad, no more prophets and scriptures. God sent down 12 imams to guide us.
Quote for Imamah
"Who so ever knows not the imam of his age, dies the death of a heathen"
Quote for Adl
"Your Lord will not be unjust to anyone"
What are the characteristics of Allah?
Omni-benevolent, Omni-potent, Fair, Imminent, Omniscient, Transcendent, Forgiving.
Quote for Allahs omni-benevolence
"In the name of Allah, most gracious, most merciful" Surah
Quote for Allahs omnipotence
"Over all things hath power" Surah
Quote for Allah's fairness
"Your Lord will not be unjust to anyone
Quote for Allah's forgiving characteristic
"He is most forgiving, most merciful"
Quote for Allah's transcendence
"The highest" "the magnificent"
What does Risalah mean?
What does Nubuwwah mean
State of prophethood
Why are prophets important?
Humans chosen by God, Given messages from God, These messages guide humans and give knowledge of God
First prophet, man and muslim. Father of humans.
Abraham: Problems discovering God. God not in things he saw but in something else. Hernif - Only knows there is one God.
Moses: Most frequently mentioned individual in the Qur'an. Sent to Egypt by God to free the Israelites. Similar life to Muhammad.
Noah: Saved the world of sin. Built and ark - flood meant all the evil people perish
Fought and beat Goliath. Gifted the Zabur
Son of Ibrahim. Told dad to sacrifice him for God - model of obedience
Jesus: "son of Mary" "spirit of God" "Word of God" performed miracles, but was not God incarnate. Not married, no children.
What do angels do?
Give messages of Allah to the prophets. Bring muslims closer to Allah and prophets.
Angel of revelation: gives Allah messages to the prophets.
Angel of death: Takes last breath from all living creatures
Angel of mercy: responsible for nourishment, brings weather
Day of judgement: Will sound the last trumpet
Angels good role model for Humans?
Example of how we should submit to Allah's will, Obedient to and worship Allah, Perfect examples of how to life and behave
Angels bad role model for humans?
Might not exist/can't see them, Cant relate bc they aren't free - we can sin, Different role - cant relate
Brought final message of Allah: Qur'an. "seal of the prophets" Can't depict him - Shirk
What is the Hadith?
Sayings and stories of Muhammad.
Absence of evil. Nearness to Allah. Eight gates: increasing wonderfulness levels. "Gardens graced with flowing streams"
Eternal separation from Allah. Eternal punishment including being boiled and chained up. "Eternal fire"
Which muslims follow the 10 obligatory acts?
What are the 10 obligatory acts?
Salah, Sawm, Hajj, Zakah, Khums, Jihad, Amr bil-Mar'uf, Nahy anil-munkar, Tawalla, Tabarra
What is Salah?
What is Sawm?
What is Hajj?
What is Zakah?
What is Khums?
A 20% tax on income
What is Jihad?
The struggle to maintain faith
What is Amr bil-Mar'uf?
Encouraging people to do what is good
What is Nahy anil-Munkar?
Discouraging wrong doing
What is Tawalla?
Being loving towards the friends of God
What is Tabarra?
Disassociating from the enemies of God but still treating everyone justly
Sacrifice. marks completion of Hajj, 4 days. Share meat of slaughtered animal with friends, family, neighbours, poor. New clothes, children presents. Imam sermon rules of sacrifice. Can visit Graveyard
First day of month after Ramadam (Shawal). Marks end of fasting - cant fast during. Must give value of meal to charity. Families meet, exchange gifts. Special prayers said
Shi'a celebration. Muhammad appoint nephew Ali as successor at Ghadir Khumm, stopped on last hajj infront thousands muslims. Recorded in Hadith - events consistent. Sunni - different location
Why is Ashura celebrated?
Imam Husayn and 72 others killed at battle of Karbala. Wouldn't swear allegiance to oppressive new ruler. Also day Moses saves Israelites.
How do Muslims celebrate Ashura
Mourning ceremonies and Eulogies. Black/Dark clothes sign of grief. Mosques covered in black cloths. Pilgrimage in Iraq for 40 days.
Quote for Id-Ul- Adha
"'Peace be upon Abraham!' This is how we reward those who do good" Surah
Quote for Id-Ul-Ghadeer
"Today I have perfected your religion for you" Surah
Why are the muslim celebrations significant?
Commemorate important parts Islamic History. Encourage to offer kindness and give to charity. Shows priority for Muslim - submit to will of Allah.
What do you have to be to go on Hajj?
Money for dependants and physically able
How often must you go on Hajj?
At least once in your life
Why is Hajj important?
Follows actions of Muhammad, Ibrahim where they performed them. From Allah and will return. Obeys Qur'an. Islam from Adam. Sins. Respect.
What do you do for Ihram
Preparation: remove pubic/armpit hair. Take bath. Men 2 pieces unstitched white cloth and women white. offer prayers. declare intention to perform hajj and recite Talbiyah.
What do you do for Tawaf?
Circling: Ka'bah 7 times anticlockwise. Try and touch black stone. undertaken 3 times during Hajj
What do you do for Sa'ya?
Walk between 2 hills 7 times. Hagar in desert with Ishamael ran between 2 hills 7 times before water miraculously appeared
What do you fo for Wuquf?
Repentance and prayer at Arafat "standing before Allah"
What do you do for Ramy Al-Jamarat?
Stones collected and thrown at 3 wide walls. Devil tempted Ibrahim 3 times.
What do you do for Sacrifice?
Sacrifice made on behalf of pilgrims. Same time as Id-Ul-Adha
What do you do for Halak?
After sacrifice, Men shave heads, women dip ends of hair.
Striving in the name of Allah. Constantly trying to be better Muslim - devotion. For glory of Allah.
Describe Greater Jihad
Struggle to be good and devout muslim. Tongue:speak about faith. Hand:Through work. Heart: Make a force for good. Avoid temptations. Some learn the Qur'an
Describe Lesser Jihad
Sword: Defend when under attack and defend Islam. To remove evil in society. Defend those oppressed/persecuted.
What are the Holy war rules?
Dont kill women/children/weak. places of religious worship cant damage. Cant mutilate. Prisoners treated respect. Crops and water cant destroy. Proposals for peace accepted.
Can Holy war be offensive?
Sunni - yes if chance of success. Shi'a - not in absence of prophet.
Quote for Jihad
"Those who strove hard in God's way...It is they who will triumph"?
What are the 5 pillars?
Shahadah, Salah, Sawm, Zakah, Hajj
What is the Shahadah?
The declaration of faith. No God but Allah. Muhammad messenger of Allah. (some) Ali friend of Allah
Why is Shahadah important?
Sums up core of muslim beliefs
When is Shahadah said in a muslim's life?
Birth, death, and conversion
Who by and when is Shahadah recited?
Recited by Muadhin in call to prayer from minaret.
What kind of muslims believe in the 5 pillars?
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