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Chapter 11- Vitamin, Minerals, And Herbs
Worksheet, Review Sheet and End of Chapter Quiz Woodrow
Terms in this set (65)
Fat soluble; Retinol, Beta Carotene
Water soluble, energy giving vitamin that is also known as "Ascorbic Acid"
Fat soluble vitamin that is produced in the body when exposed to UV rays; cholecalciferol
Fat soluble vitamin that contributes to healthy nails, hair and skin; tocopheral
Fat soluble vitamin that aids in blood clotting.; phytonadione
Thiamine- Beriberi; numbness or paralysis
Cyanocobalamin; necessary for RBC maturation
Nicotinic Acid; pellagra;
Which vitamin is found in the carotene of plants, especially yellow-orange and dark-green leafy vegetables, fruits, oily saltwater fish, dairy products, and eggs?
Which vitamin is found most notably in cereals, wheat germ, seeds, nuts, vegetable oils, eggs, meat, and poultry?
B-complex vitamins are found mostly in which group of foods?
Leafy and green vegetables (broccoli), avocado, beets, orange juice, kidney beans, and organ meats.
Thiamine is essential for what function?
Normal function of the nervous and cardiovascular systems
Which vitamin is necessary for metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, protein, and amino acids?
Symptoms of a deficiency of this vitamin are destruction of RBCs and muscle weakness.
The symptoms of a deficiency of this vitamin is prolonged blood clotting time
Side effects of excessive doses of this vitamin cause prolonged bleeding time.
Side effects of large doses of this vitamin cause neuropathy
A known side effect of this vitamin in excess of the RDA may cause an increase in Uric-acid levels, possibly leading to attacks of gouty arthritis
Functions of iron (FE) in the body include:
Supplements of vitamin B12 may be necessary for which conditions ?
To prevent or treat rickets or osteomalacia
Supplements of calcium may be recommended for the following conditions
Pregnant or lactating women and postmenopausal women
The role of antioxidants is:
Inhibition of cellular destruction in damaged or aging tissues
Which of the following symptoms is most commonly associated with vitamin A deficiency?
Which of the following would be the best source of Vitamin D?
The following are considered to be signs of overdose or toxicity associated with Vitamin A
Which of the B vitamins are associated with a toxicity when given in excessive doses?
Potassium is essential for which of the following functions?
Which types of problems may lead to mineral or electrolyte imbalances?
Diarrhea, diabetes, diuretic use
Excessive perspiration, surgery
Fasting, weight reduction diets
Which of the following is not a sign of Hyperkalemia?
A major concern with intravenous administration of calcium includes:
Local tissue irritation and/or necrosis
Which of the following preparations delivers the highest amount of elemental calcium per tablet?
Tetany refers to:
A deficiency in potassium may result in:
When taking iron preparations, side effects can include:
Black stools and constipation
Who would be LEAST likely to require vitamin or mineral supplements?
Someone with a peptic ulcer
Vitamin D is associated with
Who would be most likely to have a vitamin B12 deficiency?
Signs of calcium deficiency include:
Osteoporosis and leg cramps
A deficiency of vitamin A may result in:
Causes of a potassium deficiency include
Taking diuretics and diarrhea
Causes of vitamin B6 deficiency include:
Alcoholism and oral contraceptives
Symptoms of an iron deficiency could include:
Shortness of breath and pale gums
Iron may be administered by the following routes:
Oral and IM injection
The primary purpose of vitamin K is for:
The following statements are true about vitamin C
Found in citrus
Potassium can be administered
A vitamin B12 deficiency can be associated with
Fight against the destructive effects of free radicals
Free radical damage can be associated with
Which of the following is an antioxidant vitamin?
Which of the following is an antioxidant mineral?
Signs of a vitamin A deficiency may include which of the following?
When buying dietary supplements, you should look for which term on the label?
Which of the following herbs can interact with anticoagulants to cause bleeding?
Garlic and ginkgo
Can elevate cholesterol level
Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol level
May cause hypertension, mental changes and nervousness
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