Modern World History Chapter 7

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Terms in this set (...)

Old Regime
Social and political system of France in the 1770s
estates
Three large social classes in France under the Old Regime.
Louis XVI
The king of France from 1754-1793.
Marie Antionette
Queen of France,she was unpopular because she had the best dresses and gambled much money away
Estates General
An assembly of representatives from all three of the estates, or social classes, in France.
National Assembly
A French congress established by representatives of the Third Estate on June 17, 1789, to enact laws and reforms in the name of the French people.
Tennis Court Oath
A pledge made by the members of France's National Assembly in 1789, in which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution
Great Fear
The panic and insecurity that struck French peasants in the summer of 1789 and led to their widespread destruction of manor houses and archives.
Legislative Assembly
A French congress with the power to create laws and approve declarations of war, established by the constitution of 1791.
Emigre
A person who leaves his native country for political reasons, like the nobles & others who fled France during the peasant uprisings of the French Revolution.
Sans-Culottes
In the French Revolution,a radical group made up of wage earners and small shop keepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end to food shortages.
Jacobin
A member of a radical society or club of revolutionaries that promoted the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution and other extreme measures.
Guillotine
A machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution during the French Revolution.
Maximillian Robespierre
1785 to 1794, French lawyer and revolutionary leader of the Reign of Terror.
Reign of Terror
The period, from mid-1793 to mid-1794, when Robespierre ruled France nearly as a dictator and thousands of political figures and ordinary citizens were executed.
Napolean Bonaparte
Military and political leader of France.
coup d etat
A sudden seizure of political power in a nation
plebiscite
A direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposal
lycee
a government-run public school in France
concordant
a formal agreement especiallyone between the pope and a goverment dealing with the control of french affairs
Napoleanic code
a comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for France by Napolean
Battle of Trafalgar
an 1805 naval battle in which Napoleon's forces were defeated by a British fleet under the command of Horatio Nelson.
blockade
The use of troops or ships to prevent commercial traffic from entering or leaving a city or region
Continental System
Napoleon's policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and continental Europe, intended to destroy Great Britain's economy.
guerrilla
A member of a loosely organized fighting force that makes surprise attacks on enemy troops occupying his or her country.
Peninsular War
A conflict, lasting from 1808 to 1813, in which Spanish Rebels, with the aid of British forces, fought to drive Napoleons French troops out of Spain.
scorched - earth policy
The practice of burning crops and killing livestock during wartime so that the enemy can not live off the land.
Waterloo
The battle on June 18th, 1815 in which Napoleon met his final defeat, Located in Belgium, the place where the British army and the Prussian army forces attacked the French. Napoleon's final defeat against the British and Prussians
Hundred Days
The brief period during 1815 when Napoleon made his last bid for power, deposing the French King and again becoming Emperor of France
Congress of Vienna
A series of meetings in 1814-1815, during which the European leaders sought to establish long-lasting peace and security after the defeat of Napoleon
Klemens Von Metternich
The Austrian foreign minister who was the leader of the Congress of Vienna; claimed that he was guided by the principal of legitimacy
balance of power
A political situation in which no one nation is powerful enough to pose a threat to others
legitimacy
Hereditary right of a monarch to rule
Holy Alliance
A league of European nations formed by the leaders of Russia, Austria, and Prussia after the congress of Vienna
Concert of Europe
A series of alliances among European nations in the 19th century, devised by Prince Klemens von Metternich to prevent the outbreak of revolutions

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