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Terms in this set (108)
An ____ is a chemical substance, usually a liquid, which contains hydrogen and can react with other substances to form salts. Some acids burn or dissolve other substances that they come into contact with.
______ ____ is a type of acid which is found in sour milk and is also produced by your muscles when you have been exercising a lot.
to experience a chemical change because of the action of yeast or bacteria, often changing sugar to alcohol; to make something change in this way
Also called: allelomorph. any of two or more variants of a gene that have the same relative position on homologous chromosomes and are responsible for alternative characteristics, such as smooth or wrinkled seeds in peas
of, consisting of, or containing the group of atoms -NH 2
If you make or draw an _______ between two things, you show that they are similar in some way.
________ is the process of considering something carefully or using statistical methods in order to understand it or explain it.
The _________ of an organization or system is its structure and method of operation.
The _____ _________, also known as the Golgi complex, Golgi body, or simply the Golgi, is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells. It was identified in 1897 by the Italian physician Camillo Golgi and named after him in 1898. Part of the cellular endomembrane system, the _____ _________ packages proteins inside the cell before they are sent to their destination; it is particularly important in the processing of proteins for secretion.
________ are very small organisms. Some ________ can cause disease.
____s are insects or small animals which damage crops or food supplies.
The _______ of something is the help that you get from it or the advantage that results from it.
__________ is used to describe processes and states that occur in the bodies and cells of living things.
A ____ between people is a strong feeling of friendship, love, or shared beliefs and experiences that unites them.
A ________ ____ is the chemical bond that involves the sharing of pairs of electrons between atoms.
______ is a serious disease in which cells in a person's body increase rapidly in an uncontrolled way, producing abnormal growths.
An _________ process, idea, organization, or organism is one at a very early stage in its development.
A ____ is the smallest part of an animal or plant that is able to function independently. Every animal or plant is made up of millions of ____s.
A _____ consists of metal rings connected together in a line.
a plastid containing chlorophyll and other pigments, occurring in plants and algae that carry out photosynthesis
a series of reactions, occurring during photosynthesis, in which glucose is synthesized from carbon dioxide
A __________ is a part of a cell in an animal or plant. It contains genes which determine what characteristics the animal or plant will have.
asexual reproduction in unicellular organisms by division into two daughter cells
a plant or an animal that is produced naturally or artificially from the cells of another plant or animal and is therefore exactly the same as it
_________ is the use of scientific techniques to solve crimes.
Something that is _______ has many different parts, and is therefore often difficult to understand.
____________ _________ describes the mechanism by which DNA is replicated in all known cells.
A _______ is an idea or abstract principle.
A _________ is a relationship between two things, people, or groups.
_________ __________ is the set of the metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.
the fact of a series of events being repeated many times, always in the same order
to spread something or become spread widely in all directions
A __________ is a thin piece of skin which connects or covers parts of a person's or animal's body.
________ _________ (also known as facilitated transport or passive-mediated transport) is a process of passive transport (as opposed to active transport), with this passive transport aided by integral membrane proteins.
If people ________ something, they talk about it, often in order to reach a decision.
A _______is an illness which affects people, animals, or plants, for example one which is caused by bacteria or infection.
The _________ of something is the fact that it contains many very different elements.
If you say that someone ________s something important, you disapprove of them because they make it seem less important, serious, and complex than it is.
If one thing _______s from another, it makes it seem less good or impressive.
______ is the ability and strength to do active physical things and the feeling that you are full of physical power and life.
An ________ is the rectangular paper cover in which you send a letter to someone through the post.
A nuclear membrane, also known as the ______ _______, nucleolemma or karyotheca, is the double lipid bilayer membrane which surrounds the genetic material and nucleolus in eukaryotic cells. The nuclear membrane consists of two lipid bilayers—the inner nuclear membrane, and the outer nuclear membrane. The space between the membranes is called the perinuclear space, a region contiguous with the lumen (inside) of the endoplasmic reticulum. It is typically about 20-40 nm wide.
Your ____s are the tiny holes in your skin.
Someone's __________ is all the circumstances, people, things, and events around them that influence their life.
An ______ is a chemical substance that is found in living creatures which produces changes in other substances without being changed itself.
any of several enzymes produced by bacteria as a defence against viral infection and commonly used to cut DNA for genetic manipulation or diagnosis
________ is a process of gradual change that takes place over many generations, during which species of animals, plants, or insects slowly change some of their physical characteristics.
A ______ is one of the things that affects an event, decision, or situation.
________s are nerve endings in your body which react to changes and stimuli and make your body respond in a particular way.
______ _____ are molecular mechanisms that regulate compatibility in sexually reproducing eukaryotes. They occur in isogamous and anisogamous species. Depending on the group, different mating types are often referred to by numbers, letters, or simply "+" and "-" instead of "male" and "female", that refer "sexes" or differences in size between gametes.
A ________ of something is a small piece or part of it.
The ________ of something or someone is the useful thing that they do or are intended to do.
of, relating to, or producing a secretion
______ is the name for the two types of male and female cell that join together to make a new creature.
________ is the official practice of keeping people apart, usually people of different sexes, races, or religions.
to put pollen into a plant so that a seed develops; to join sperm with an egg so that a baby or young animal develops
A ____ is the part of a cell in a living thing which controls its physical characteristics, growth, and development.
____ __________ is the process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product. Several steps in the gene expression process may be modulated, including the transcription, RNA splicing, translation, and post-translational modification of a protein.
the production of something, especially electricity, heat, etc.
_______ is a type of sugar that gives you energy.
having a related or similar position, structure, etc.
An _________ is a disease caused by germs or bacteria.
An _________ is money or property which you receive from someone who has died.
any of a large group of organic compounds that are esters of fatty acids (simple lipids, such as fats and waxes) or closely related substances (compound lipids, such as phospholipids): usually insoluble in water but soluble in alcohol and other organic solvents. They are important structural materials in living organisms
a type of cell division in which a nucleus divides into four daughter nuclei, each containing half the chromosome number of the parent nucleus: occurs in all sexually reproducing organisms in which haploid gametes or spores are produced
A _________ is a thin piece of skin which connects or covers parts of a person's or animal's body.
A ___________ is an idea that is not correct.
a method of cell division, in which the nucleus divides into daughter nuclei, each containing the same number of chromosomes as the parent nucleus
A ________ is the smallest amount of a chemical substance which can exist by itself.
a compound whose molecules can join together to form a polymer
Something that is ______ is usual and ordinary, and is what people expect.
The _______ of an atom or cell is the central part of it.
An ________ is an animal or plant, especially one that is so small that you cannot see it without using a microscope.
any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells
You use _______ to indicate that you are talking about a situation in general or about the whole of something.
_______ is a colorless gas that exists in large quantities in the air. All plants and animals need ______ in order to live.
the chemical or enzymic introduction into a compound of a phosphoryl group (a trivalent radical of phosphorus and oxygen)
_____________ is the way that green plants make their food using sunlight.
______ is the clear liquid part of blood which contains the blood cells.
a small circle of bacterial DNA that is independent of the main bacterial chromosome. ______s often contain genes for drug resistances and can be transmitted between bacteria of the same and different species: used in genetic engineering
any of a group of natural or synthetic polymers made up of amino acids chemically linked together; this class includes the proteins
You use ________ to say that someone or something is capable of developing into the particular kind of person or thing mentioned.
A _______ is a series of actions which are carried out in order to achieve a particular result.
the practice of categorizing people and predicting their behavior according to particular characteristics such as race or age
_______ is a substance found in food and drink such as meat, eggs, and milk. You need protein in order to grow and be healthy.
Your _______ to something that has happened or something that you have experienced is what you feel, say, or do because of it.
_________s are rules made by a government or other authority in order to control the way something is done or the way people behave.
Regulation of gene expression includes a wide range of mechanisms that are used by cells to increase or decrease the production of specific gene products (protein or RNA), and is informally termed ____ __________.
to produce exact copies of itself
Your ___________ is your breathing.
A _________ process applies only to a few things or people.
A _________ of events or things is a number of events or things that come one after another in a particular order.
A ______ is a gesture, sound, or action which is intended to give a particular message to the person who sees or hears it.
If one thing is _______ to another, or if two things are _______, they have features that are the same.
A ____ is a piece of ground that is used for a particular purpose or where a particular thing happens.
In biology, the _______ _____ is the small portion of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and undergo a chemical reaction.
a liquid in which something is dissolved
You use ________ to refer to a particular fixed area, problem, or subject.
A ______ of something such as hair, wire, or thread is a single thin piece of it.
The __________ of something is the way in which it is made, built, or organized.
the natural chemical production of a substance in animals and plants
the protoplasm of a cell contained within the cell membrane but excluding the nucleus: contains organelles, vesicles, and other inclusions
A _____ is a particular characteristic, quality, or tendency that someone or something has.
___________ of speech or text is the process of transcribing it.
A ___________ is a piece of writing or speech that has been translated from a different language.
to give medical care or attention to a person, an illness, an injury, etc.
A _____ is a kind of germ that can cause disease.
a deficiency in or breakdown of a person's immune system
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Life 1010- Exam 1
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and DNA
Monomers/Polymers/Covalent Bonds - Biochemistry
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