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Study Guide from Phlebotomy Workbook 2nd Edition


an incision into a vein

cross training

A phlebotomist who is teaching members of the nursing service how to correctly perform phlebotomy is participating in ____________.


the health-care setting in which most phlebotomists are employed is a/an ___________.


A phlebotomist who is authorized to place the initials PBT(AMT) after his/her name has been what?

using negative body language

A phlebotomist who does not make eye contact with a patient is _________________.


The primary liaison between the medical staff and the laboratory staff is a ______________.


A specialist in the study of disease of tissues and organs through biopsies is a ______________.


A medical technologist may serve as all of the following except: educator, laboratory manager, pathologist, section supervisor


Another name for blood bank is _____________.


Mycology is the study of _____________.


Parasitology is located in the __________ laboratory section.

plasma contains fibrinogen

The difference between plasma and serum is that _________________.


A VDRL test is performed in ________________.

blood bank

The direct antiglobulin test is performed in ___________.


Types of specimens collected for urinalysis include all of the following first-morning, clean-catch and ___________.

inverted right after collection

To prevent blood from clotting the specimen must be collected in a tube containing an anticoagulant and ______________.

blood bank

ABO and Rh typing are performed in the _______________laboratory section.

median cubital

the vein most commonly used for venipuncture is the ________


the study of blood is known as ____________.

patient identification

the most important step to ensure accuracy in sample collection is __________


the instrument that measures blood pressure is called a __________


an artery can be distinguished from a vein because an artery will be __________

third and fourth (middle and ring)

adult capillary punctures most often involve use of the __________ fingers

hand washing

the single most important means of preventing the spread of infection in a hospital is by ______________.


lavender top tubes contain _____________.

Sodium Citrate

light blue top tubes contain ___________.


abbreviation for complete blood count is _______.

15 to 30

the angle of the needle during insertion is ______________degrees.


patient ___________must be protected, and patient information is never discussed with anyone who does not have a professional need to know.

arterial flow

a properly tied tourniquet permits ____________and blocks venous flow.


when collecting blood from small, fragile veins the appropriate needle gauge is ______.

preserve glucose

the purpose of sodium fluoride in gray stopper tubes is to _______________.


for routine venipuncture you will use a needle that is _____gauge.


a green stopper tube contains ________.

potassium oxalate

gray stopper tubes contain _____________.


royal blue,red,orange and red/gray are tubes that clot, the quickest one to clot and contains a clot activator thrombin and is _______________.


palpating veins does not reveal __________.

wash hands

what should phlebotomists do immediately after removing their gloves?


to prevent "rolling veins" the vein needs to be ___________.


tests most affected by a nonfasting patient are cholesterol, triglycerides and _________.


no food or drink for 12 hours


no food or drink except water for 12 hours

basal state

no food or drink or exercise for 12 hours

dermal puncture

the preferred venipuncture technique for children younger than 2 yrs. old


the breakdown of red blood cells.

right atrium

chamber of the heart receives blood from the superior and inferior vena cavae?


have walls one cell thick for exchange of substance between blood and tissues

SA node

pacemaker of the heart is also known as


The blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart


blood plasma without fibrinogen or the other clotting factors.


The preservative used in a green-stoppered vacuum
tube is


upper chambers of the heart that receive blood from lungs and body they are right and left


lower chambers of the heart receive blood from atria and force into body


a flap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backwards


common name for S-A node


the largest artery of the body


made mostly of water and carries nutrients, chemical messengers and wastes in it and also contains fibrinogen

red blood cells

pick up oxygen in the lungs and carry it to the cells in the body


iron-containing protein found in red blood cells that binds chemically to oxygen molecules

white blood cells

the cellular components of blood that fights infection


Cellular components of blood that forms a plug that's needed to stop bleeding

Rh factor

a marker on Red blood cells that determine whether a person is Rh positive or Rh negative


separates right and left sides of heart

blood vessels

hollow tubes that transport blood through the body


layer that encloses the heart


layer that protects the heart by reducing friction


thick middle layer of the wall of the heart; composed of smooth, cardiac muscle


inner layer of the heart wall consisting of epithelium and connective tissue as well as some specialized muscle tissue

tricuspid valve

between right atrium and ventricle

pulmonary valve

link between right ventricle and artery extending from it

bicuspid valve

between left atrium and ventricle

semilunar valves

pulmonary valve and aortic valve

coronary arteries

first two branches of the aorta; feed the heart


contraction of heart muscle


relaxation of heart muscle

SST (Serum Separator Tube)

tube would you use to collect a serum specimen

hematology tests

Lavender stopper or closure tubes are most commonly used to collect:

sodium hypochlorite

disinfectant that is preferred for use on surfaces and instruments

10 minutes

After a blood spill, a disinfectant is applied and have at least________minutes of contact time for cleanup to be effective.


Plastic red top tubes used to collect blood specimens contain

creatine kinase

What test might be affected by carryover from an EDTA tube?

isopropyl alcohol

solution used to clean the site before routine venipuncture

inhibiting thrombin

Heparin prevents blood from clotting by:

1 minute

Tourniquets may be left on the patient for

Mode of transportation

not a component that makes up the chain of infection


A large bruised area at the puncture site, caused by blood leaking into the tissue surrounding the vein


test tube would be used for "Fasting Blood Sugar" or Glucose Tolerance Test"


Personal Protective Equipment abbreviation

Allergic reaction

Latex sensitivity is a type of


increase of the cellular/solid elements in direct ratio to plasma This can be caused by "pumping of the fist" and begins after the tourniquet is left on longer than 1 minute.


The liquid potion of the blood after all of the cells and clotting elements have settled and formed a clot contains NO fibrinogen.

3-4 inches above

Where the tourniquet be placed in regards to the draw site


Prothrombin time (PT) and Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) are considered this kind of test...

Soap and water

When cleaning a site for a veinpuncture for alcohol test, use:

Pulmonary Veins

veins that return oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.

great saphenous

The longest vein in the body


white blood cell


mature red blood cells formed in the bone marrow


NFPA Code word for the order of action in the event of fire.rescue,alarm,confine,extinguish


transmission of an infectious agent by an insect, arthropod, or animal.

susceptible host

an individual who has little resistance to an infectious agent

means of transmission

airborne,contact,droplet,vector,vehicle:know the different means of transmission in the chain of infection


The process by which white blood cells engulf bacteria and debris


The action that causes the fibrin clot to be removed


WBC that does not contain granules in the cytoplasm


WBC, granulocyte, with multi-lobed nucleus and granules that contain Histamine


WBC associated with defence against allergens or parasitic infections


WBC that contains granules in the cytoplasm


WBC Body's main defense against microorganisms


Most numerous WBC. Granules in cytoplasm and multi-lobed nucleus


first in order of draw

glass red

second in order of draw

Light blue

third in order of draw and contains Sodium citrate

plastic red

fourth in order of draw


WBC count, RBC count,Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, Platelet count 5 elements identified in a :

cephalic vein

Large vein on the outermost side of the upper arm

basilic vein

large vein on the inner side of the upper arm


A blood thinning agent. Pt taking it are monitored by a prothrombin time blood test

median cubital vein

The major vein of the antecubital fossa most commonly used for venipuncture (middle)


hospital acquired infections

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