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movement that favored the elimination of slavery through the passage of laws


people who favored the abolishment of slavery by legal means

forty niners

people who mined for gold in the California god rush

Pet Banks

statae banks that recieved deposits of federal money from the government

Spoils System

political jobs and rewards being distribyted among party faithful instead of on merit


restraint in the use of or abstinece from alcoholic liquors

Underground Railroad

secret organized efforts by Northerners to help escaped slaves find safe shelter in the Free states or Canada

California Gold Rush

1849 rush of people to mine for gold

Compromise of 1850

an omnibus bill of five laws enacted by Congress aimed at ending sectional disputes that threatened the Union

Dred Scott

dred scott vs stanford - 1857 decision indicated Negroes (slave or free) were not included in the category of "citizen" as the word was used in the U.S. Constitution

Fugitive Slave Law

required capture and return of runaway slaves

Indian removal Act

gave the president power to negotiate removal treaties with Indian tribes living east of the mississippi

Jacksonian Democracy

term used to describe the presidency of Andrew Jackson, characterized by greater political paricipation

Mexican War

armed conflict between Mexico and the US resulting in the US acquisition of territory in Texas and the purchase of California and New Mexico for $15 million

Business Cycle

ebb and flow of demand; causes the economy to expand and contract at intervals


a person who is among those who first enter or settle a region

States Rights

the rights belonging to various states


the right to vote

Trail of Tears

forced government relocation of Native Americans under President Jackson


an ideal place or state

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