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20 terms

Unit 5

STUDY
PLAY
Abolition
movement that favored the elimination of slavery through the passage of laws
abolitionist
people who favored the abolishment of slavery by legal means
forty niners
people who mined for gold in the California god rush
Pet Banks
statae banks that recieved deposits of federal money from the government
Spoils System
political jobs and rewards being distribyted among party faithful instead of on merit
temperance
restraint in the use of or abstinece from alcoholic liquors
Underground Railroad
secret organized efforts by Northerners to help escaped slaves find safe shelter in the Free states or Canada
California Gold Rush
1849 rush of people to mine for gold
Compromise of 1850
an omnibus bill of five laws enacted by Congress aimed at ending sectional disputes that threatened the Union
Dred Scott
dred scott vs stanford - 1857 decision indicated Negroes (slave or free) were not included in the category of "citizen" as the word was used in the U.S. Constitution
Fugitive Slave Law
required capture and return of runaway slaves
Indian removal Act
gave the president power to negotiate removal treaties with Indian tribes living east of the mississippi
Jacksonian Democracy
term used to describe the presidency of Andrew Jackson, characterized by greater political paricipation
Mexican War
armed conflict between Mexico and the US resulting in the US acquisition of territory in Texas and the purchase of California and New Mexico for $15 million
Business Cycle
ebb and flow of demand; causes the economy to expand and contract at intervals
pioneer
a person who is among those who first enter or settle a region
States Rights
the rights belonging to various states
Suffrage
the right to vote
Trail of Tears
forced government relocation of Native Americans under President Jackson
Utopia
an ideal place or state