Heart Failure - Lewis - Chapter 35

What is Heart Failure (HF)?
an abnormal clinical syndrome involving impaired cardiac pumping and/or filling
What is another name for HF?
congestive heart failure
What are the primary risk factors for HF?
CAD (Coronary artery disease) and advancing age
Who has the highest incidence and experience higher mortality rates with HF?
African Americans
What Drug therapy works best with African Americans who have HF?
Isosorbide and hydralazine (BiDil)
ACE inhibtiors cause a cough as a side effect, but which culture is most likely to be a risk and what do you give them instead?
Asians; give then ARB instead "sartan"
ARBs do not have that cough side effect
What are the 4 factors that affect cardiac output?
1: preload
2: afterload
3: myocardial contracility
4: heart rate
What is Right sided HF?