Nealk VA AP The Unfinished Nation Chapter 3
History chapter 3
Terms in this set (11)
A philosophical movement in eighteenth-century Europe that fostered the belief that one could reform society by discovering rational laws that governed social behavior and were just as scientific as the laws of physics (Locke, Rosseau, and Montesquieu)
Established by Puritan theologians to create a place to train ministers
Salem Witch Trials
outbreak of witchcraft accusations in a Massachusetts Bay Puritan village marked by an atmosphere of fear, hysteria and stress.
Great Awakening (1730s and 1740s)
Religious movement characterized by emotional preaching (Jonathan Edwards & George Whitefield). The first cultural movement to unite the Thirteen Colonies. Associated with the democratization of religion. Some input into movement toward Revolutionary War.
band of PA frontiersmen descended on Philly to demand tax relief and financial support for defenses against Indians.
Sugar Act (1764)
Sugar Act was a raised the duty on sugar while lower the duty on Molasses. (Currency Act the same year).
Stamp Act tax on every printed document. Strictly attempt to raise revenues. Affects everyone.
Townshend Acts (1767)
A tax that the British Parliament that was placed on leads, glass, paint and tea
Intolerable Acts (1774)
in response to Boston Tea Party. Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troop's in barns and empty houses
Sons of Liberty (1765)
A radical political organization for colonial independence after the passage of the Stamp Act. They incited riots and burned the customs houses where the stamped British paper was kept. After the repeal of the Stamp Act, many of the local chapters formed the Committees of Correspondence
Declaratory Act (1766)
after the repeal of the Stamp Act; stated that Parliament had authority over the the colonies and the right to tax and pass legislation "in all cases whatsoever."