20 terms

Nealk VA AP The Unfinished Nation Chapter 4

History Chapter 4 timeline
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Seven Years' War (1754-1763)
Struggle between England and France. Fighting spread to West Indies, India and Europe itself. Main struggle remained in North America. Led to Great Britain increasing taxes.
Peace of Paris (1763)
French ceded to Great Britain lands west of the Mississippi to the Spanish empire, West Indies, India and Canada, and anything French east of the Mississippi.
Proclamation of 1763
Forbade settlers to go beyond the Appalachain mountains. Ineffective as white settlers continued to swarm across boundary in the Ohio Valley
Sugar Act (1764)
duty on sugar, lowered the duty on molasses; but the tax would be collected.HIts rum drinkers hard.
Stamp Act (1765)
tax on every printed document. Strictly an attempt to raise revenues for the England w/o consent of colonial assemblies. Patrick Henry made dramatic speech that caused the cry of treason(he spoke against the king and said he might lose his head too). Who uses paper the most - newspapers and lawyers.
Stamp Act repealed (1766)
after much protests and boycotts of British goods. Benjamin Franklin had directly addressed Parliament.
Declaratory Act (1766)
put in with the repeal of the Stamp Act declaring that confirmed parliamentary authority over the colonies in all cases.
Townshend Duties (1767)
imposed new taxes on paint, paper, tea, lead (Paint the Town shed with lead based paint while drinking tea in a paper cup.)
Boston "Massacre" (1770)
happened before the news of the repeal of the Townshend duties was known. "Liberty Boys" pelted sentries at the customs house with rocks and snowballs. British soldiers let fire into the crowd killing 5 people.
Committee of Correspondance (1772)
Sam Adams decries Boston Massacre and says England is corrupt. He proposes this committee to publicize grievances against England. Formed a loose intercolonial network of political organizations
Gaspee Incident (1772)
the result of growing resentment over the Navigation Acts. Colonists seized a British revenue ship o the Gaspee', and set it afire and it sank.
Tea Act, Boston Tea Party(1773)
some colonial leaders made plans to prevent the East India Co from landing its cargo. Phil and NY kept the tea from leaving the ships . Boston - dumped the tea in the harbor.
Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts) (1774)
Closed the Boston port; Reduced the power of the gov't in MA; American royal officers can be tried in other colonies or England; Provides for the quartering of troops by the colonists.
First Continental Congress (1774)
Reject a plan for colonial union under British rule (Galloway Plan); Approve having military preparations to defend against British possible attack in Boston; Concur to boycotts that ceases trade with Britain; They would meet in the spring again.
Battles of Lexington and Concord (1775)
are considered to be the beginnings of the War for Independence.
Pontiac's Rebellion
The war began in May 1763 when Native Americans attacked a number of British forts and settlements. Eight forts were destroyed, and hundreds of colonists were killed or captured, with many more fleeing the region. provoked the conflict (enforcement of Proclamation Line).
Stamp Act Congress
The Declaration of Rights contains fourteen statements. The first six lay groundwork, proclaiming loyalty to the crown, and asserting that, according to the Rights of Englishmen and the more general "freedom of a people", only representatives chosen by the colonists could levy taxes. Because Parliament did not have such representatives, it could not levy taxes. The seventh statement asserts that the Rights of Englishmen afford all colonists the right to trial by jury. The remaining statements protest the unconstitutionality of the Stamp Act, express the economic consequences act (which, among other things, would reduce trade to the detriment of English manufacturers), and reiterated the rights of the colonists to petition the crown and Parliament.
Virginia Resolves
a series of resolutions passed by the Virginia House of Burgesses in response to the Stamp Act of 1765
Crispus Attucks
was an American slave, merchant seaman and dockworker of Wampanoag and African descent. Crispus is often credited as the first person shot dead by British redcoats during the Boston Massacre, in Boston, Massachusetts
Galloway Plan (1774)
Joseph Galloway was a Pennsylvania delegate who wanted to keep the Thirteen Colonies in the British Empire. He suggested the creation of an American colonial parliament to act together with the Parliament of Great Britain. On matters relating to the colonies each body would have a veto over the other's decisions