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Nealk VA AP The Unfinished Nation Chapter 22
Terms in this set (22)
Pioneer of American birth-control movement... Believed large families among major causes of poverty and distress in poor communities. 1920s
NYC new generation of African American intellectuals created flourishing artistic life. Harlem poets, novelist, and artists drew heavily from African roots in an effort to prove richness of racial heritage.
Welfare capitalism/Henry Ford
(583) Paternalistic techniques that some employers adopted. Ford shortened workweek, raised wages, and instituted paid vacations. Gave workers no real control over their own fates; company unions were feeble... survived only as long as the industry prospered. (collapsed in 1929)
A. Philip Randolph
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters... one of the few important unions dominated and led by African Americans. (Most blacks worked in jobs in which AFL took no interest in (janitors, dishwashers))
The Man Nobody Knows
One of the successful books in 1920s by advertising executive Bruce Barton. Jesus not only religious prophet but a "super salesman" (in tune with new spirit of consumer culture)... he lived a full and rewarding life in this world and current people should do the same.
Modern woman whose liberated lifestyle found expression in dress, hairstyle, speech, and behavior. Had a particular impact on lower-middle-class and working-class single women, who filled new jobs in industry and the service sector. Some women concluded New Era it was no longer necessary maintain "respectability."
(591) NWP attempted to fight powerlessness through its campaign for Equal Rights Amendment (little support in Congress) Female dominated consumer groups grew rapidly and increased the range and energy of efforts
Baltimore journalist who ridiculed religion, politics, arts, and even democracy itself. Many artists/intellectuals reflected in a series of savage critiques of modern society by "debunkers"
Published savage novels in which he lashed out at one aspect of modern bourgeois society one after another. 1920s Intellectuals claimed to reject "success ethic"
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Novelists who attacked the American obsession with material success.
Poet "I am a Negro—and beautiful." Other Harlem black writers/musicians/artists helped establish a thriving, and at times highly politicized, culture rooted in the historical legacy of race
Effective Jan. 1920, but within a year "noble experiment" not working well. Produced conspicuous and growing violations.
"wets" and "drys"
"Wets": opponents of prohibition gained steadily in influence. Couldn't win repeal of amendment until 1933
National Origins Act of 1924
Banned immigration from East Asia entirely and reduced quota (based on 1890 census, meaning immigration favored northwestern Europeans) for Europeans from 3 to 2%.
The New Klan
First was largely concerned with intimidating blacks, but after WWI blacks were secondary to Catholics, Jews, and foreigners. (1924 4 million including women)
American Civil Liberties Union founded in 1917 to defend pacifist, radicals, and conscientious objectors during WWI. Offered free counsel to Tennessee educator willing to defy law and become the defendant in a test case.
bio teacher in Dayton agreed to have himself arrested. Clearly and deliberately violated the law... Scopes fined $100 and case was dismissed in higher court due to technicality.
Famous attorney defend Scopes. Made Bryan's stubborn defense of biblical truths appear foolish and finally maneuvered Bryan into admitting the possibility that not all religious dogma was subject to only one interpretation. Did not resolve conflict between fundamentalists and modernists.
Warren G. Harding
Elected (Republican) president in 1920... nomination as a result of agreement among leaders in his party who considered him "good second-rater." Appointed distinguished men to some important cabinet offices and attempted to stabilize troubled foreign policy. Baffled by responsibilities... had penchant for gambling, illegal alcohol, and attractive women. READ BOOK FOR MORE INFO
Scandal involved oil reserves. Harding transferred control from Navy Department to Interior Department, and Fall leased them to two wealthy businessmen and received half million in "loans" to ease financial troubles. Fall sentenced to yr in prison.
President after Harding. Dour, silent, and even puritanical. Like Harding, he took a passive approach. Less active... did not run for reelection.
Wealthy steel and aluminum tycoon. Secretary of Treasury who worked to achieve substantial reductions in taxes on corporate profits, personal incomes, and inheritances (Congress cut by more than half). Worked closely with Coolidge after 1924 to trim modest federal budget (managed to retire half of nation's WWI debt)
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