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8th English 3rd NW
Terms in this set (53)
An organizer used to simplify information. Some examples include: Venn diagrams, cluster maps, bubble maps, outlines, flowcharts, cause-and-effect charts, KWL charts.
Internal Text Structure
Authors use these to organize information.
▪ cause and effect
▪ enumeration or listing
▪ sequential or chronological
External text structure
Authors use these to clarify text.
▪ italics, boldface
▪ underlining, indentation
▪ sidebars, illustrations
▪ graphics, photographs
▪ headings, subheadings
▪ footnotes, annotations
to tell or reduce a longer piece into a shortened format which emphasizes the main ideas.
to consider the positives and negatives of a piece of literature or speech and judge accordingly.
Draw conclusions, Conclude
using what you've read to reach a logical judgment or conclusion
Make inferences, Infer
to reason from information provided, reading between the lines
We see smoke and infer fire.
-- L. A. White
to involve or indicate by inference, association, or necessary consequence rather than by direct statement; to suggest or infer
Construct , complete, assemble, participate, or program
verbs used when given an assigned task that is expected to be completed
a type of writing that focuses on conveying information or explaining a process
the main idea or focus of the paper or paragraph
a group of words that cannot stand alone in a sentence or express a complete thought
a group of words that can stand alone as a sentence and express a complete thought
a sentence made up of a single independent clause
a figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas Example: My love is like a red, red rose
a figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else. A metaphor points out a similarity between two unlike things. Example: Fame is a bee.
a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics
Example: The trees danced in the wind
a type of figure of speech that is an intentional exaggeration for emphasis or comic effect
Example: His book bag weighed a ton
Makes a comparison between two or more things that are similar in some ways but otherwise unalike. Analogy relationships include: type or example, characteristic, association, operator, degree, mathematical, number
something that is itself and also stands for something else
Example: A dove is usually a symbol for peace
writing or speech not meant to be interpreted literally
using precise words with precise meanings or for a specific effect
the central idea, concern, or purpose in a piece of narrative writing, poetry, or drama
the central idea in a piece of narrative writing, poetry, or drama
a writer's attitude toward the subject
the distinctive qualities of a writer's style, including diction, attitude, sentence style, and ideas
The atmosphere or feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage. A writer often creates it at the beginning of a work that he or she sustains throughout. Sometimes, however, it changes dramatically.
Point of View
The perspective or vantage point from which a story is told. Three types include: first person, third person limited, and third person omniscient
told by a character who uses the first person pronouns
I, we, us
Third Person Limited
The narrator uses third-person pronouns such as he and she to refer to the characters. The narrator relates the inner thoughts and feelings of only one character, and everything is viewed from this character's perspective.
Third Person Omniscient
The narrator uses third-person pronouns such as he and she to refer to the characters. The narrator knows and tells about what each character feels and thinks.
Words or phrases that appeal to one or more of the five senses. Writers use images to describe how their subjects, look, sound, feel, taste, and smell.
An unrhymed poem form of Japanese origin having three lines usually containing 5, 7, and 5 syllables respectively. This type of poem usually is written about nature.
a light or humorous poem of 5 lines with a rhyme scheme of aabba
a song that tells a story (often dealing with adventure or romance) or a poem imitating such a song
Poetry not written in a regular, rhythmical pattern, or meter. The poet is free to write lines of any length or with any number of stresses, or beats.
Two consecutive lines of verse with end rhymes. Often, a couplet functions as a stanza.
a unit or group of four lines of verse
the repetition of identical or similar final word sounds at the ends of lines of verse
Example: fun and sun
the regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem or stanza
the form or pattern of words or music in which accents or beats come at certain fixed intervals
the rhythmic pattern of a poem
repeating words or phrases in a piece of narrative writing or poetry; often used for effect or emphasis
the repetition of initial consonant sounds in accented syllables; a tongue twister
Example: Polly picked a peck of peppers
the repetition of vowel sounds in stressed syllables containing dissimilar consonant sounds
Example: lake and fate
the repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllables containing dissimilar vowel sounds
Example: leaf and loaf; room and roam
words such as buzz and plop that suggest the sounds they name
the usually humorous use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings or the meaning of another word similar in sound
a figure of speech that fuses two contradictory or opposing ideas, such as "freezing fire" or "happy grief"
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