Nealk VA Psych 15 Social Psychology
Psychology An Introduction/ Eleventh Edition Charles G. Morris - Albert A. Maisto
Terms in this set (36)
The scientific study of the ways in which the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of one individual are influenced by the real, imagined, or inferred behavior or characteristics of of other people.
Theory that early information about someone weighs more heavily than later information in influencing one's impression of that person;
the process by which one's expectations about a person eventually lead that person to behave in ways that confirm those expectations
A set of characteristics believed to be shared by all members of a social category.
The theory that addresses the question of how people make judgments about the causes of behavior.
Fundamental Attribution Error
The tendency of people to over emphasize personal causes for other people's behavior, and to under emphasize personal causes for their own behavior.
The tendency to attribute our successes to our own efforts or qualities and our failures to external factors.
Attribution error based on the assumption that bad things happen to bad people, and good things happen to good people.
How close two people live to each other.
The concept that relationships are based on trading rewards among partners.
The quality of genuine closeness and trust achieved in communication with another person.
A relatively stable organization of beliefs, feelings, and tendencies toward someone or something; the attitude object.
Tendency for an individual to observe the situation for cues about how to react.
-an attitude- is an intolerant, unfavorable, and rigid view of a group of people.
-Assuming all members of a group share the same negative qualities.
-a behavior- an act or series of acts that denies opportunities and social esteem to an entire group of people or individual members of that group.
The theory that under certain circumstances people who are frustrated in their goals turn their anger away from the proper, powerful target toward another, less powerful target it is safer to attack.
A personality pattern characterized by rigid conventionality, exaggerated respect for authority, and hostility toward those who defy society's norms.
Prejudice and discrimination directed at a particular racial group.
Perceived inconsistency between two cognitions; when a person has two contradictory cognitions or beliefs at the same time.
Refers to the process by which others - individually or collectively - affect our perceptions, attitudes, or actions.
Beliefs that most members of a society accept as self-evidently true.
A culturally shared idea or expectation about how to behave, or not to behave.
A behavioral rule shared by an entire society. How to behave or not to behave.
Implies a conflict between the individual and the group- a conflict that people resolve by yielding their own preferences or beliefs to the norms or expectations of a larger group.
Change of behavior in response to an explicit request from another person or group.
Compliance with a demand. A change of behavior in response to a command from another person, typically an authority figure.
A loss of personal sense of responsibility in a group.
Helping behavior, that is not linked to personal gain.
The tendency for an individual's helpfulness in an emergency to decrease as the number of bystanders increases.
Greater willingness to take risks in decision making in a group than independent individuals.
Shift in attitudes by members of a group toward more extreme positions than the ones held before group discussion.
The tendency of people to exert less effort on a task when working in a group, than when working as an individual.
Great Person Theory
The theory that leadership is a result of personal qualities and traits that qualify one to lead others.
Industrial/ Organizational (I/O) psychology
The area of psychology concerned with the application of psychological principles to the problems of human organizations, especially work organizations.
The principle that people will alter their behavior because of researcher's attention and not necessarily because of any treatment condition.
Once people have granted a small request, they are more likely to comply with a larger one. "Getting a small yes, and then getting an even better yes."
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