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20 terms

Intro to Corrections, ch. 4 quiz

CJC1000 - Chapter 4: The Sentencing and Appeals Process Reference: Corrections in America, 12th Ed., Allen/Latessa/Ponder
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Indeterminate sentencing is most consistent with which goal of punishment?
rehabilitation
The rehabilitation goal of punishment, which dominated the correctional system from 1930 to 1974, was challenged in the early 1970s in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
disenchantment with indeterminate sentencing, which undermined the use of rehabilitation.
On average, prosecutors bargain away ________ of cases.
50 - 90%
The most common explanations for plea bargaining are all of the following EXCEPT:
the benevolence of prosecutorial discretion.
All of the following factors are generally taken into account when prosecutors determine whether or not to dismiss a case from the court system EXCEPT:
research on sentencing.
As advocated by Walter C. Reckless, a presentence investigation report or PSI should include all of the following information EXCEPT:
administrative policies on sentences
Judicial and administrative sentencing processes share common criteria in decision-making. Which of the following is NOT one of these common criteria?
the use of good time
Which of the following sentences is an example of indeterminate sentencing?
two to ten years
In recent years legislatures have increased control over the sentencing process of their state. Which of the following is NOT one of the strategies of legislative control?
Banning early release to institutionalized offenders.
Which sentencing structure has a fixed term of punishment and requires that an offender serve the full time of the sentence minus good time?
Determinate
Which of the following practices would NOT allow correctional decision-makers to unilaterally alleviate their overcrowded prisons?
Mandatory minimum sentencing
Indeterminate sentencing allows ________________ to control the length of prison time served.
the corrections system
A judge uses all of the following tools to make his or her sentencing decisions EXCEPT:
research and prediction
The goals of sentencing reform include all of the following EXCEPT to:
increase retribution.
Which of the following is NOT one of the sources of "pressure" in the correctional system that lead to practical problems in sentencing?
Sentencing discrimination
Which of the following is NOT one of the types of suits filed by prison inmates in federal court?
Domestic rights
The Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA) was enacted by Congress to:
reduce the number of civil rights petitions filed in federal courts.
________________ is the process of raising additional legal questions in other courts but before case disposition.
collateral attack
The foundation of civil rights petitions originates in the __________ Amendment.
Fourteenth
Which group constitutes the least represented offenders in state prison?
Weapons offenders