74 terms

101 Things I Learned in Architecture School By Matthew Frederick

STUDY
PLAY
Figure Ground Theory
We inhabit the spaces of our built environment, not the solid walls, roofs, and columns that shape it. The space that results from placing figures should be considered as carefully as the figures themselves
Figure
an element or shape placed on a page, canvas or other background
Ground
the space of the page.
Positive Space
dwelling
Negative Space
Movement
Suburban buildings
freestanding objects in space
Urban buildings
often shapers of space
Solid Void Theory
The volumetric spaces shaped or implied by the placement of solid objects are as important as, or more important than, the objects themselves.
GENIUS LOCI
Genius of Place. This term is used to describe places that are deeply memorable for their architectural and experimental qualities.
Use the Parti
A guidepost in designing the many aspects of a building
A parti derives from understandings
Which are nonarchitectural and must be cultivated before architecture can be born
Influencing an architectural space
by how you arrive in it
"Denial and Reward"
Enriches passage through the built environment
Space Planning
The organizing or arranging of spaces to accommodate functional needs. Design architectural spaces to accommodate a specific program, function or intent.
"Served"
Space created for people and their needs
"Servant"
Space used for structural integrity, or electrical wiring or air ducts
A good building
Reveals its self differently when viewed from different directions
Design Decision
Justified in at least two ways
A poor designer
attempt to hold on to a failed parti and patch local fixes, thus compromising the integrity of the whole.
A good designer
not afraid to throw away a good idea, but doesn't abandon HAVING a parti.
More specific a design
The greater its appeal
Subjective reality
by which one presumes a oneness with objects
Objective reality
by which a detachment is presumed.
An Architect
Knows something about everything
An Engineer
Knows everything about one thing
Authenticity
If you wish to imbue an architectural space or element with a particular quality, make sure that quality is really there.
Being Process-Oriented, not Product-Driven
The most important Skill for a designer to develop
Improved design process, not a perfectly realized building
The most valuable things for you to gain from one design studio and take with you to the next
Value drawings
they convey emotions better than line drawings
Static Compositions
Appear to be at rest
Dynamic Composition
Encourages the eye to explore
Aesthetic Quality
Enhanced by the presence of a counterpoint
Asymmetrical balance
Considered by many to demonstrate a capacity for higher-order thinking
Informed simplicity or an interaction of simples
3 elements combined to create 12 spaces
Agglomerations
12 elements required to create 12 spaces
When having difficulty drawing the building...
...consider it in 2D or 3D composition
Beauty
Harmonious relationships among the elements of a composition
What changes as the day goes by and the orientation is a specific way?
altitude, angle and color of daylighting
Additive forms
appear to have been assembled from individual pieces.
Subtractive forms
appear to have been carved or cut from a previously "whole" form
Shaped forms
appear to have been formed from a plastic material through directly applied forms
Abstract forms
are of uncertain origin
Geometric Shapes
Inherent dynamic qualities that influence our perception and experience of the built environment
Circulation path
in a small room it is best to have it go straight through, a few feet from one wall
"Less is more"
Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe
"Less is a bore"
Robert Venturi
The proportion of a building
An aesthetic statement of how it was built
Traditional architecture
Employs a tripartite, a base-middle-top, format
Structural Columns
always shown very early into the stage of design
Columns
not just structural, can be used to organize space
The ten food test
In a good graphic presentation, the essential elements of the drawings pinned up, particularly labels and titles, should be legible from ten feet away.
Design in section
Good designers work back and forth between plans and sections, allowing each to inform the other.
Design in perspective
Architects are expert at reading and interpreting plans, sections, and elevations.
Design with models
Both digital and material models can help you understand your project in new ways.
Solid-void relationships and resolving circulation
Two most important keys to effectively organizing a floor plan
No design system is or should be perfect
Designers are often hampered by the well intention, but erroneous belief that a good Design solution is perfectly systematic and all encompassing. But nonconforming oddities can be enriching, humanizing aspects
Fire Stairs
Place at opposite ends of the building you design, even at the earlier stages of the design proces
Draw the box it came in
When something seems too complex to draw, first draw the box you imagine it came in
Zeitgeist
German word meaning the spirit of the age.
Ancient era
a tendency to accept myth-based truths;
Classical (Greek) era
a valuing of order, rationality, and democracy;
Medieval era
a dominance of the truths of organized religion;
Renaissance
holistic embracing of science and art;
Modern era
a favoring of truths revealed by the scientific method;
Postmodern (current) era
an inclination to hold that the truth is relative or impossible to know.
Style
true architectural style does not come from a conscious effort to create a particular look. it results obliquely- even accidentally- out of a holistic process
Duck
A building that projects its meaning in a literal way
Decorated shed
A conventional building that conveys meaning through signage or architectural ornament
Zoning Laws
concerned with how a building relates to its surroundings. They typically regulate use (residential, commercial, industrial, etc.), height, density, lot size, setback from property lines,and parking
Building Codes
concerned with how a building works in and of itself. They regulate features such as building materials, floor area, height, energy usage, fire protection systems, ventilation, and other such concerns.
Accessibility Codes
provide for the use of buildings by persons with physical challenges. They regulate ramps, stairs, handrails, toilets, signage, heights of counter tops and switches, and other such features. The national
accessibility code is the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act)
Architecture is an exercise in truth
A proper building is responsible to universal knowledge and is wholly honest in the expression of its functions and materials.
Architecture is an exercise in narrative
Architecture is a vehicle for the telling of stories, a canvas for relaying societal myths, a stage for the theater of everyday life.
"Always design a thing by considering it in its next larger context- a chair in a room, a room in a house, a house in an environment, an environment in a city plain."
Eliel Saarinen