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Speech Quiz 2

STUDY
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One of the main resons to use examples in a speech is that they put abstract ideas into concrete terms that listeners can easily understand.
True
You should start to establish eye contact with the audience even before you begin to speak.
True
When trying to persuade listeners that are skeptical about your position, you need to deal directly with the reasons for their skepticism.
True
One of the advantages of speaking from a manuscript is that it frees a speaker from the need to establish eye contact with the audience
False
If you receive a hostile question during a question and answer session, you should respond in a hostile manner
False
In the US, public speakers who establish strong eye contact with listeners are usually perceived as less credible than speakers who have weaker eye contact
False
If the meaning of a word is clear to you, you can assume that it is also clear to your audience.
False
To persuade my audience that video games are a major cause of youth violence is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of policy
False
Ask not what your country can do for you ask what you can do for your country is an example of antithesis
True
Moving listeners from being strongly opposed to a speaker's position to being only moderately opposed would be a sign of a successful persuasive speech
True
History is a drama with many acts is an example of metaphore
True
When conducting a question and answer session you should usually restate or paraphrase each question before you answer it
False
Unlike testimony, which can easily be quoted out of context, statistics are difficult to manipulate for biased purposes
True
It is seldom necessary to cite the source of statistics in a speech
False
One way to think of a words denotative meaning is as its dictionary definition
True
THe purpose of a speech of introdcution is to introduce the main speaker to the audience
True
The burden of proof rests with the persuasive speaker who opposes change
False
As your textbook makes clear, a vivid, richly textured extended example is usually effective regardless of how well it is delivered
False
Speakers who explain their expertise on the speech topic are likely to reduce their credibility with the audience
False
Derived credibility refers to the credibility of the speaker produced by everything she or he says and does during the speech itself
True
The connotative meaning of a word includes all the feelings, associations, and emotions that the word touches off in different people
True
One way for a persuasive speaker to uphold the ethical obligations of speechmaking is to learn about all sides of an issue
True
To persuade my audience that capital punishment is unjust is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of fact
True
Persuasive speeches on questions of fact are usually organized in problem solution order
True
What many teachers refer to as source credibility was called ethos by Aristotle
True
Statistics are most effective in persuasive speeches while examples and testimony work best in informative speeches
True
The strongest source of emotional appeal in a persuasive speech is the sincerity and conviction of the speaker
True
The words we use to label an event determine to a great extent how we respond to that event
True
Persuasive speeches on questions of value usually argue directly for or against particular courses of action
True
To persuade my audience that genetically altered crops pose serious hazards to human health is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of fact
True
The fundamental purpose of a commemorative speech is to convey information about the subject being commemorated
False
Research has shown that speakers with high initial credibility need to use more evidence than speakers with low initial credibility
False
Effective commemorative speeches depend above all on the speaker's use of reasoning
False
Because everyone knows that a persuasive speaker's goal is to influence the audience's beliefs or actions, question of ethics are less important in persuasive speaking than in other kinds of speaking
False
Research indicates that once a listener takes action in support of a speaker's position, she or he is more likely to support that speaker's position in the future
True
To persuade my audience that capital punishment does not deter people from committing crimes such as murder is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of policy
False
Arguments guilty of the ad hominem fallacy argue in a circle without making a clear point
False
The slippery slope fallacy assumes that becomes something is popular, it is therefore good, correct, or desirable
False
Silence settled over the audience like a block of granite is an example of simile
True
A speech praising the bravery of the firrefighters killed in NY on September 11, 2001 is an example of a commemorative speech
True
To inform my audience about the different methods used by meteorologists to predict the weather is an appropriate specific purpose statement for an after dinner speech
True
Speaking from memory is most effective when a speaker wants to be very responsive to feedback from the audience
False
Hypothetical examples can be especially powerful as supporting materials when they create scenarios that involve the audience
True
To persuade my audience that cloning human beings is morally unjustifiable is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of value
True
A speaker should avoid using familiar words because they make a speech sound trite
False
Alliteration as a means of creating rhythm in a speech refers to repeating the initial consonant sound of close or adjoining words
True
To persuade my audience to become volunteers for special olympics is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of policy whose aim is immediate action
True
To be most effective in a speech, statistics need to be interpreted and explained in terms that are meaningful to the audience
True
SInce most people are nervous about public speaking, it is perfectly acceptable to finish a speech by declaring am I glad that's over
False
An extemporaneous speech is carefully prepared and practiced in advance
True
Effective commemorative speeches depend above all on the speaker's use of language
True
The mean--popularly called the average-- is determined by summing all the items in a group and diving by the number of iteams
True
Examples are particularly effective as supporting materials because they help get the audience involved in a speech
True
A speaker can have high credibility for one audience and low credibility for another
True
The main difference between an after dinner speech and a speech to inform or to persuade is less the choice of topic than how the topic is developed
False
When trying to persuade a hostile audeience, you should usually be wary of even mentioning the audeience's objections to your point of view
True
One of the reasons to use evidence when speaking to persuade is that is can make your listeners more resistant to counterpersuasion
True
It is seldom a good idea to use examples adn testimony in the same speech
False
Good speech delivery should call attention to itself
False
ONe of the advantages of using causal reasoning in a persuasive speech is that the relationship between causes and effects is usually fairly obvious
True
The following statement is an example of reasoning from principle: "places such as singapore
False
Questions of policy deal with whether something should or should not be done
True
When a speaker's body language is inconsistant with her or his words, listeners often believe the body language rather than the words
True
Over the years linguists have concluded that no dialect is inherently better or worse than another dialect
True
The conversational quality of extemporaneous speaking means that a speech has been well rehearsed yet sounds spontaneous to the audience
True
An impromptu speech is delivered with little or no immediate preperation
True
The primary purpose of a special occasion speech is to convey information to an audience
False
competence and character are the most important factors affecting a speaker's credibility
True
Establishing commong ground with an audience is especially important in the introduction of a persuasive speech
True
A persuasive speech on a question of fact is essentially the same as informative speech
False
To entertain my audience by telling them about the typical mishaps that happen during family vacations is an appropriate specific purpose statement for an after dinner speech
True
When using casual reasoning in a persuasive speech, you should take special care to avoid the fallacy of post hoc, ergo propter hoc
True
The denotative meaning of a word includes all teh feelings, associations and emotions that the word touches off in different people
True
A graduation address and a toast at a wedding are both examples of speeches for special occasions
True
The supporting materials for an after-dinner speeh should be chosen primarily for their entertainment value
True