What is the nursing process?
Forming nursing diagnosis
Planning and Goal Setting
What are some therapeutic communication barriers?
Giving advice, judging, stereotyping, being defensive, appearing distracted or uninterested, agreeing or disagreeing, appearing biased, not being a good listener or excessive probing
What is HELLP Syndrome?
This is preeclampsia with Liver involvement:
Hemolysis(breakdown of RBCs)
Elevated Liver Function Tests
Low Platelet Count
What is Ortilani's Sign
The click that is heard or felt when the infant is supine and knees are flexed and hips are abducted = hip dyslpasia
What are the dietary considerations for pancreatitis?
small, frequent meals
The Lub sound of Lub-dub is closure of which heart valves?
Closure of Tricuspid and Mitral Valves(Systole) = Lub
Drugs ending in "olol" belong to which drug classification?
Beta-Blockers = particularly for the management of cardiac arrhythmias, cardioprotection after myocardial infarction (heart attack), and hypertension
What are the dietary considerations for Celiac Disease?
Drugs ending in "statin" belong to which drug classification?
Antihyperlipidemics = used in the treatment of hyperlipidemias. They are called lipid-lowering drugs (LLD) or agents
What are the meds most often used to treat status epilepticus?
Which body positioning is called the "shock" position?
Modified Trendelenburg = Supine with legs straight and elevated at the hips and head is slightly raised (increases bloodflow to heart and brain)
What is cardiac output?
Volume of blood ejected by the heart in one minute:
cardiac output = heart rate x stroke volumne
How do you mix insulin?
Clear before Cloudy (NPH)!!!
1. draw up air to equal total insulin
2. wipe vial runner with alcohol
3. inject the amount of air to equal the amount of cloudy insulin into the cloudy vial. BE CAREFUL NOT TO INJECT INTO THE SOLUTION
4. Inject the remaining air into clear vial and draw up the clear insulin
5. reinsert the needle into the cloudy vial and withdraw the desired amount
What are the dietary considerations for Acute Renal Failure?
What are the dietary considerations for Chronic Renal Failure?
Avood high potassium foods
Vitamins B, C & D
The Dub sound of Lub-Dub is closure of which heart valves?
Closure of the pulmonic and aortic valves (Distole) = Dub
What is the normal heart and blood flow in the correct order?
Right Atgrium =>
Tricuspid valve =>
Right Ventricle =>
Pulmonic Valve =>
Pulmonary Veins =>
Left Atrium =>
Mitral valve (bicuspic) =>
Left Ventricle =>
Aortic Valve =>
out to body
Peripheral Edema, bounding pulses, jugular vein distention, decreased or absent urinary output are signs of right or left sided heart failure?
What are the dietary considerations for Cushings?
Increase protein and potassium
Decrease sodium and calories
"When taking a BP, if the arm is below the heart level, will the BP reading be elevated or decreased?
What is Nagele's rule?
1st day of last menstrual cycle, minus 3 months, plus 7 days = estimated date of delivery
Cyanosis, increased RR, decreased BP, pulmonary crackles are signs of right or left sided heart failure
Drugs ending in "pril" belong to which drug classification?
Ace inhibitors = ACE inhibitors or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, are a group of pharmaceuticals that are used primarily in treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure
What are the actions of calcium channel blockers?
decrease oxygen demand
decrease HR and PVR
block calcium access to the cells
decrease force of myocardial contractility