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48 terms

LOM Chapter 19

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Which term describes the spread of malignant tumors to a distant location?
Metastasis
Which is an example of a solid tumor derived from epithelial tissue?
Adenocarcinoma of the lung
Which is a description of a fungating tumor?
Mushrooming pattern of growth as tumor cells pile on top of each other
Which term includes sessile and pedunculated types of growths?
Polypoid
What term describes localized tumor growth?
Carcinoma in situ
Which is a description of scirrhous type tumors?
Hard, densely packed tumor cells
What does staging a tumor mean?
Assessing the extent of tumor spread
What does mutagenic mean?
Producing a change in the DNA of a cell
What does the notation T1N2M0 mean?
Tumor is present with palpable regional lymph nodes and no metastases
What is the difinition of a mutation?
Inheritable change in a cell
Which is a description of exenteration?
Wide resection of tumor and removal of surrounding tissue
What is the meaning of fulguration?
Destruction of tissue by eletric sparks
Which is an example of a know type of inherited cancer?
Retinoblastoma
What is a difinition of modality?
Method of treatment
Which is a definition of a radio-resistant tumor?
Tumor requires large doses of radiation to produce death of cells
Which is an example of genetic material that causes cancer?
Oncogenes
Which is a description of cauterization?
Treating tissue with heat
Which is a description of pharmacokinetics?
Study of the distribution and removal of drugs in the body
What term means assistanting or aiding?
Adjuvant
Which term is used in treatment of tumors with radiation?
Linear accelerator
Which is a description of an estrogen receptor assay?
Test the concentration of hormone receptor sites in cells of breast cancer patients
Which best describes a wide surgical incision of the abdomen to detect disease?
Staging laparotomy
What best describes interferon?
Biological response modifier
What term means return of symptoms of disease?
Relapse
Which term means cancerous tumor derived from bone?
Osteogenic sarcoma
A side effect of radiation therapy (redness of skin):
Erthema
A side effect of chemotherapy or radiotherapy (hair loss):
Alopecia
A side effect of radiation therapy to the lungs
(abnormal growth of connective tissue):
Fibrosis
Hypoplasia of bone marrow:
Myelosuppression
Inflammation of the inner lining of an organ:
Mucositis
Loss of differentiation of cells and reverison to a more primitive cell type:
Anaplasia
Extending beyond the normal tissue boundaries:
infiltrative
Having the ability to enter and destroy surrounding tissue:
Invasive
Replication of cells; two identical cells are produced from a parent celll:
Mitosis
Spreading to a secondary site:
metastasis
cellular substance (ribonucleic acid) that is important in protein synthesis:
RNA
Infectious agent that reproduces by entering a host cell and using the host's genetic material to make copies of itself:
Virus
Rays given off by the sun:
Ultraviolet radiation
An agent (hydorcarbon, insecticide, hormone) that causes caner:
Chemical carcinogen
Genetic material within the nucleus that controls replication and protein synthesis:
DNA
Region of genetic material that causes cancer; found in tumor cells virus:
Oncogene
Change in the genetic material of a cell:
mutation
Energy carried by a stream of particles:
Radiation
Adenocarcinoma
Cancerous (malignant) tumor of glandular tissue flesh (connective tissue) tumor of bone malignant:
Osteosarcoma
Flesh (connective tissue) tumor of bone malignant
Benign
Noncancerous
Differentiation
Specialization of cells
Neoplasm
New formation (tumor)