Chapter 11 vocab

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Justinian Code
The uniform code created by a panel of 400 legal experts; it served the Byzantine Empire for 900 years
Hagia Sophia
The Church of "Holy Wisdom" built by Justinian in Constanipole; considered the crowning glory of his reign
Patriach
The term for the leading Bishop of Eastern Christianity
Icon
A religious image used by Eastern Christians to aid in their devotions
Slavs
People of the forests north of the Black Sea who were influenced by Greek Byzantine missionaries and traders
Alexander Nevsky
The prince and military hero of Novgorod; he advised fellow Rusian princes to cooperate with the Mongols
Seljuks
A migrating Turkish group that converted to Islam and Captured Baghdad, eventually occupying most of Anatolia
Malik Shah
The Seljuk sultan who built a great empire and took pride in supporting Persian artists and architects
Excommunication
The declaration that casts a person out of the Christian Church
Cyrillic
The Slavic alphabet created by Saints Cyril and Methodius in the ninth century
Vladimir
The ruler of Kiev who made his subjects join him in converting to Byzantine Christianity
Yaroslav the Wise
He ruled Kiev (1019-1054), forged trading alliances with Western Europe, and created a legal code
Ivan lll
The Russian prince of Moscow who openly challenged the Mongols and liberated Russia in a bloodless standoff
Czar
A Russian ruler, or emperor; from the Russian version of the word ''Caesar"
Vizier
A prime minister who served the Seljuk sultans
Omar Khayyam
Author, under the patronage of Malik Shah, of a famous set of poems called the Rubaiyat
Hippodrome
A stadium in Constantinople that could hold 60,000 spectators to watch chariot races and performance acts
Mese
The "Middle Way", or main street that ran through Constantinople; it was lined with merchants stalls
Empress Theodora
The most powerful woman in Byzantine history, she passed laws and advised her husband Justinian
Khanate of the Golden Horde
The Mongol empire that, after the fall of Kiev, ruled all of Southern Russia for 200 years