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Chapter 7 quiz
Terms in this set (22)
What do sociologists call two or more people who identify and interact with one another?
a social group
What is the correct sociological term for all people with a common status, such as "college students?"
A temporary, loosely formed collection of people who may or may not interact is a?
Charles Cooley referred to a small social group whose members share personal and enduring relationships as?
a primary group
Assume you are one of many people assembled at a university graduation ceremony. The term that best describes this gathering is?
An example of a primary group is?
a family that has gathered to celebrate a religious holiday
An example of a secondary group is?
a Microsoft Corporation awards banquet
You are part of a task force with a group leader who has a distant relationship with the group members and who is concerned with getting the job done. Which type of leader does your task force have?
an instrumental leader
In your group, the leader is skilled at using humor to reduce tension and lighten serious moments. Which type of leader foes your group have?
an expressive leader
Which type of leadership style takes charge of making decisions and makes sure people do what they are told?
Which type of leader encourages everyone in a group to have a say in what happens?
According to the findings of Solomon Asch,?
many people are willing to compromise their own judgement to avoid being seen as different by others
Stanley Milligram's research, in which subjects used a "shock generator," showed?
people are surprisingly likely to follow the orders of not only real authority figures but also groups of ordinary individuals
One of the traits Max Weber noted about bureaucracy was that is?
provides workers with highly specialized jobs
Max Weber argued that formal organizations were efficient, but he cautioned that they can have harmful effects on people. As he saw it, what is the danger?
organizations create alienation
The tendency of bureaucratic organizations to perpetuate themselves in order to keep going is called bureaucratic?
Robert Michels referred to the rule of many by the few as?
During the last fifty years, Japanese formal organizations have differed from those in the United States by being?
more collective in their orientation
The concept "McDonaldization" of society refers to?
McDonald's organizational principles moving to dominate all of society
Evidence of the process called the "McDonaldization" of society includes?
bank tellers being replaced with automatic teller machines (ATMs)
The text speaks of "opposing trends" in today's world of formal organizations because?
some organizations have evolved toward flatter, more flexible norms, but others remain rigid organizations patterned by McDonald's
U.S. business organizations differ from those a century ago because?
today's organizations use more competitive work teams
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