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Arts and Humanities
Alfred's Essentials of Music Theory Book (Complete) Book 1 Vocabulary
Glossary and Index of Terms and Symbols
Terms in this set (73)
(accel.) Gradually faster (p. 29).
Play the note louder, with a special emphasis (p. 30).
A flat, sharp, or natural sign that appears within a piece of music. An accidental sign affects the notes written on the same line or space following it for that measure only (p. 36).
Slow (p. 29).
Quickly, cheerfully (p. 29).
Moving along (walking speed) (p. 29).
The manner in which a note is performed (p. 30).
The lines which cross the staff and divide it into measures or bars (p. 11).
BASS (or F) CLEF
The clef used for notes in the lower pitch range (p. 5).
The staff on which the bass clef is placed. The two dots of the clef surround the line on which the note F is placed (p. 5).
A sign that helps organize the staff so notes can be easily read (p. 4).
An added ending (p. 31).
The introduction given before a piece of music is performed to indicate the tempo of the beat (p. 14).
(cresc.) Gradually louder (p. 28).
D.C. (DA CAPO)
Repeat from the beginning (p. 31).
D.C. al CODA
Repeat from beginning and play to the Coda sign, then skip to the Coda (p. 31).
D.C. al FINE
Repeat from the beginning and play to the end (Fine) (p. 31).
(decresc.) Gradually softer (p. 28).
(dim.) Gradually softer (p. 28).
DOT AFTER A NOTE
Increases the notes duration by half the original value (p. 18).
DOTTED HALF NOTE
In 3/4 and 4/4 time signatures, it receives 3 beats (p. 18).
DOTTED QUARTER NOTE
In time signatures with a 4 as the bottom number, it receives 1 1/2 beats (p. 25).
Is written at the end of a piece of music (p. 11).
D.S. (DAL SEGNO)
Repeat from the sign (p. 31).
D.S. al CODA
Repeat from the sign and play to the Coda sign, them skip to the Coda (p. 31).
D.S. al FINE
Repeat from the sign and play to the end (Fine) (p. 31).
Indicate the volume, or how soft or loud the music should be played (p. 28).
In time signatures with a 4 as the bottom number, it receives 1/2 beat (p. 23).
In time signatures with a 4 as the bottom number, it receives 1/2 beat of silence (p. 24).
Two notes that sound the same but are written differently (p. 37).
Hold the note for longer than its normal value (p. 20).
The end (p. 31).
1st and 2nd ENDINGS
Play or sing through the 1st ending to the repeat sign, then go back to the beginning. When repeating, skip the 1st ending and play the 2nd (p. 22).
Lowers the pitch by one half step (p. 34).
f Loud (p. 28).
ff Very loud (p. 28).
The bass staff and treble staff connected by a brace and a line (p. 6).
In time signatures with 4 as the bottom number, it receives 2 beats (p. 10).
In time signatures with 4 as the bottom number, it receives 2 beats of silence (p. 13).
The distance from key on the keyboard to the very next key above or below, whether black or white (p. 37).
Very slow (p. 29)
Short lines which are added to extend the range of the staff when the notes are too low or too high to be written on the staff (p. 6).
To play or sing 2 or more notes smoothly connected (p. 19).
MEASURE (or BAR)
The area between two bar lines (p. 11).
Moderately (p. 28).
Moderately loud (p. 28).
Moderately soft (p. 28).
The note in the middle of the grand staff and the C nearest the middle of the keyboard (p. 4).
Moderately (p. 29).
The natural sign before a note cancels the previous flat or sharp (p. 36).
The oval-shaped symbols that are placed on the lines and in the spaces of the staff. They represent musical sounds called pitches (p. 3).
Very soft (p. 28).
Soft (p. 28)
A musical sound (p. 3).
In time signatures with 4 as the bottom number, it receives 1 beat (p. 10).
In time signatures with 4 as the bottom number, it receives 1 beat of silence(p. 13).
Return to the beginning or previous repeat sign at the beginning of a section (p. 22).
(ritard. or rit.) Gradually slower (p. 29).
sf or sfz A sudden, strong accent (p. 30).
Raises the pitch by one half step (p. 35).
Smoothly connects two or more notes of different pitches by a curved line over or under the notes (p. 19).
Play the note short and detached (p. 30).
The five lines and the four spaces between them on which music notes and other symbols are written (p. 3).
A work meaning "rate of speed". It tells how fast or slow to play the music (p. 29).
Hold the note for its full value (p. 30).
Two notes of the same pitch joined by a curved line over or under the note. Each note joined by a tie is held for its full value but only the first note is played or sung (p. 19).
Appears at the beginning of the music after the clef sign. It contains two numbers. The upper number tells how many beats are in the measure; the lower number indicates what type of note receives 1 beat (p. 12).
TREBLE (or G) CLEF
The clef used for notes in the higher pitch ranges (p. 4).
The staff on which the treble clef is placed. The curl of the clef circles the line on which the note G is placed (p. 4).
Lively and fast (p. 29).
In times signatures with 4 as the bottom number, it receives 4 beats (p. 10).
Means to rest for a whole measure. In 3/4 it receives 3 beats; in 4/4 it receives 4 beats; in 2/4 it receives 2 beats (p. 13).
The distance from any key on the keyboard to two keys above or below (p. 37).
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Alfred's Music Theory Book 1
Terms and Symbols - Alfred Music Theory Book 2
Alfred's Music Theory Book 3
Mrs. Schmuecker's Basic Music Theory Fla…
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