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BJU US History Chapter 8
Terms in this set (40)
What established the supremacy of the federal courts over the states?
Judiciary Act of 1789
What was the purpose of the Bill of Rights?
to protect individual liberties from being restricted by the national government
Which group held that specified ends justify unspecified means?
How did Washington respond to the charm of Citizen Genet?
Washington was courteous but cold and reasserted the neutrality of the US
How did the Americans feel about the Jay Treaty?
some saw it as a betrayal
Who proposed that America "steer clear of permanent alliances, with any portion of the foreign world"?
Why was the war France called a "Quasi War"?
because War was never officially declared
What acts passed by congress in 1789 were later deemed to be unconstitutional?
Alien and Sedition Acts
Who established the nation's first cabinet?
Who was the 1st head of the Department of State?
Who was the 1st secretary of the treasury?
Who introduced the amendments that became known as the Bill of Rights?
Who is America's best known frontiersman?
Who was America's 2nd president?
Define the following:
a) department heads who advise the president
b) paying debt with bonds that are to be recognized as currency
c) national government taking over all state debts
d) someone who allows great flexibility in interpreting the Constitution
e) someone who allows little flexibility in interpreting the Constitution
Which party supported the common people and favored a small, limited gov't?
Which party supported industry, a growing centralized gov't, and rule by property owners?
What independence movement deteriorated into violence?
What was the Genet episode?
a plot to bring America into the French war against Britain
What is the name for America's refusal to take sides in the war between Britain and France?
Proclamation of Neutrality
What did the Jay Treaty accomplish?
averted war with Britain
What was the attack during the Whiskey Rebellion over?
taxes imposed by gov't
What prompted the Quasi War?
French seizure of American cargo
America's humiliating peace negotiations with France have been dubbed the __________________.
What were the Virginia Resolutions?
a declaration that the states have a right to nullify unconstitutional federal acts
What do we call Adam's efforts to fill the judiciary with Federalists before he left office?
the midnight appointments
What are the 1st 10 amendments to the Constitution called?
Bill of Rights
In what resolutions did James Madison suggest that states have the right to secede when the federal gov't acts unconstitutionally?
What act ensured that the Federalists would have a lasting influence on the judiciary?
The Judiciary Act of 1801
What were the three original executive departments organized by Washington?
Departments of State, Treasury, and War
What was accomplished during the first session of Congress?
Supreme Court was organized, Bill of Rights was passed, executive departments were organized
What did the South accept in return for locating the national capital in the South?
assumption of state debts
What issue first opened debate over constitutional interpretation?
creation of a national bank
What were the main objectives of the first National Bank?
issue a unified currency & provide loans to local businesses
What group strongly supported industry and commerce?
Why did the US break the Treaty of Alliance with France?
the French had overthrown their old gov't
What caused the Whiskey Rebellion?
opposition to an internal tax
What did the Alien Acts give the president the power to do?
expel or imprison immigrants
What did the Sedition Act give the president the power to do?
prohibit "treasonous" speech
What did the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions advocate?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
BJU US History Chapter 4
BJU US History Chapter 2
BJU US History Chapter 3
BJU US History Chapter 5
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