Texes Special Education EC-12 161
Sample Test Questions, Domains, & Competencies. Reference: wynne, S. (2009). Texes special education: teacher certification. (3 ed.). cambridge, ma: xamonline.
Terms in this set (143)
What is untrue about the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)? (Skill 10.01) (EASY)
If reauthorized the discretionary programs of EHA
What is true about the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)? (Skill 10.01) (EASY)
Signed into law same year as IDEA by President Bush, Protection to all people on basis of race, sex, national origin, and religion, & It guarantees equal opportunities to person with disabilities in employment, public accommodations, transportation, government services, and telecommunications.
If a student is predominately a visual learner, he may learn more effectively by: (Skill 12.02) (EASY)
Watching a DVD
What is true about IDEA? In order to be eligible, a student must: (Skill 10.01) (EASY)
Have a disability that fits into one of the categories listed in the law.
Autism is a disorder characterized by: (Skill 1.01) (EASY)
Distorted relationships with others, perceptual anomalies, and self-stimulation.
Which of these factors relate to eligibility for learning disabilities? (Skill 2.04) (EASY)
A discrepancy between potential and performance
Which is an educational characteristic common to students with midl intellectual learning and behavioral disabilities? (Skill 1.01) (EASY)
Require modification in classroom instruction
In general, characteristics of learning disabilities include: (Skill 1.01) (EASY)
A discrepancy between achievement and potential
Which of the following is true about autism? (Skill 1.04) (EASY)
It is a separate exceptionality category in IDEA
Safeguards against bias and discrimination in the assessment of children include: (Skill 2.02) (EASY)
The use of evaluative materials in the child's native language or other mode of communication
The MOST RESTRICTIVE environment in which an individual might be placed and receive instruction is that of: (Skill 3.06) (EASY)
Which legislation has forced public and private facilities to accommodate those who are physically disabled? (Skill 10.01) (EASY)
Students who receive special services in a regular classroom with consultation, generally have academic and/ or social- interpersonal performance deficits at which level of severity? (Skill 7.04) (EASY)
One of the most important goals of the special education teacher is to foster and create with the student: (Skill 7.02) (EASY)
The opportunity for a student with a disability to attend a class as close to the normal as possible describes: (Skill 10.01) (EASY)
John learns best through the auditory channel, so his teacher wants to reinforce his listening skills. Through which of the following types of equipment would instruction be most effectively presented? (Skill 5.04) (EASY)
The social skills of students in programs for children with mental retardation are likely to be appropriate for children of their mental age, rather than their chronological age. This means that the teacher will need to do all of the following: (Skill 5.08) (EASY)
Model desired behavior, Provide clear instructions, & Adjust the physical environment when necessary.
The effective teacher varies her instructional presentations and response requirements depending upon: (Skill 5.04) (EASY)
Student needs, The task at hand, & The learning situation.
Which tangible reinforcer would Mr. Whiting find to be most effective with teenagers? (Skill 6.05) (EASY)
Free Homework Pass
Which of the following is the first step you should take to prepare to teach preparation for social situations? (Skill 6.05) (EASY)
Anticipate possible problems
_________________________ is a method used to increase student engaged learning time by having students teach other students. (Skill 5.04) (EASY)
Which of the following must be provided in a written notice to parents when proposing a child's educational placement? (Skill 6.03) (EASY)
A list of parental due process safeguards
IEP's continue to have multiple sections; one section, present levels now addresses what? (Skill 6.10) (EASY)
Academic achievement and functional performance
Social maturity may be evidenced by the student's: (Skill 7.04) (EASY)
Recognition of rights and responsibilities (his own and others), Display of repeat for legitimate authority figures, and Formulation of a valid moral judgment.
The individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was signed into law in and later reauthorized to its current in what years? (Skill 10.01) (EASY)
1990 and 2004
Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) describes special education and related services as? (Skill 6.03) (EASY)
Public expenditure and standard to the state educational agency, Provided in conformity with each student's individualized education program, if the program is developed to meet requirements of the law, & Include preschool, elementary, and/or secondary education in the state involved.
Which behavior would be expected at the mild level of emotional/behavioral disorders? (Skill 1.01) (AVERAGE)
The Key Math Diagnostic Arithmetic Test is an individually administered test of math skills. It is comprised of fourteen subtests which are classified into the major math areas of content, operations, and applications for which subtest scores are reported. The test manual describes the population sample upon which the test was normed, and reports data pertaining to reliability and validity. In addition, for each item in the test, a behavioral objective is presented. From the decryption, it can be determined that this achievement test is: (Skill 2.01) (AVERAGE)
Individually administered, Criterion-referenced, & Diagnostic.
A test, which measures students' skill development in academic content areas, is classified as an _____________ test. (Skill 2.01) (AVERAGE)
For which of the following purposes is a norm-referenced test LEAST appropriate?(Skill 2.01) (AVERAGE)
Individual Program Planning
For which of the following purposes is a norm-referenced test MOST appropriate?(Skill 2.01) (AVERAGE)
Screening, Program evaluation, & Making placement decisions
Which of the following statements about children with an emotional/ behavioral disorder is true? (Skill 1.01) (AVERAGE)
They display poor social skills
As a separate exceptionality category in IDEA, autism: (Skill 1.01) (AVERAGE)
Is a developmental disability that affects verbal and non-verbal communication
Echolalia is a characteristic of which disability? (Skill 1.01) (AVERAGE)
All of the following are characteristics of a student who has an emotional disturbance: (Skill 1.01) (AVERAGE)
Highly disruptive to the classroom environment, Academic difficulties, & Areas of talent overlooked by a teacher
According to IDEA 2004, the IEP team (ARD committee) is composed of: (Skill 2.09) (AVERAGE)
The student's parents or guardians, a representative of the LEA, special education teacher, general education teacher, a person knowledgeable in assessment (if assessment information is reviewed), and related service providers.
Mrs. Stokes has been teaching her third-grade students about mammals during a recent science unit. Which of the following would be true of a criterion-referenced test she might administer at the conclusion of the unit? (Skill 2.01) (AVERAGE)
It will be based on unit objectives
Which of the following is an example of tactile perception? (Skill 2.08) (AVERAGE)
Identifying a rough surface with eyes closed
IDEA 2004 states that evaluations of student eligibility should? (Skill 2.09) (AVERAGE)
Use a variety of assessment tools and strategies
Which of the following activities best exemplifies a kinesthetic exercise in developing body awareness? (Skill 2.08) (AVERAGE)
Singing with motions "Head and Shoulder's Knees and toes."
The definition for "Other Health Impaired (OHI)" in IDEA: (Skill 1.04) (AVERAGE)
Is the definition that accepts heart conditions.
Antwon is in your high school resource classroom. You begin to wonder if a functional program would be best when you not the student's? (Skill 2.08) (AVERAGE)
Difficulties understanding concrete examples
The greatest number of students receiving special services are enrolled primarily in: (Skill 3.06) (AVERAGE)
The regular classroom
ARD meetings are held for different reasons. Which of the following would be a reason to hold an ARD meeting? (Skill 3.04) (AVERAGE)
Transition to post-scondary school life
What components of the IEP are required by law? (Skill 3.04) (AVERAGE)
Present level of academic and functional performance; statement of how the disability affects the student's involvement and progress; evaluation criteria and timeliness for instructional objective achievement; modifications of accommodations,
Projected dates for services initiation with anticipated frequency, location and duration; statement of when parent will be notified; statement of annual goals,
Extent to which child will not participate in regular education program; transitional needs for students age 16
Included in data brought to the attention of Congress regarding the evaluation procedures for education of students with disabilities was the fact that? (Skill 10.01) (AVERAGE)
There were a large number of children and youths with disabilities in the United States, Many children with disabilities were not receiving an appropriate education, & Many parents of children with disabilities were forced to seek services outside of the public realm.
Which component of language involves language content rather than the form of language? (Skill 8.01) (AVERAGE)
During which written composition stage are students encouraged to read their stories aloud to others? (Skill 8.08) (AVERAGE)
Students with autistic tendencies can be more successful academically when the teacher: (Skill 7.02) (AVERAGE)
Keeps a calendar on the board of expected transitions
Which of the following is a good example of a generalization? (Skill 3.09) (AVERAGE)
Bill recognizes a vocabulary word on a billboard when traveling
Janelle is just as "antsy" as Jaquan who has ADHD. You want to keep a good eye on them so you put them in the same corner. Later you suspect Amanda also has ADHD and you move her to the same area... You are creating: (Skill 6.02) (AVERAGE)
Self- fulfilling prophecy
Vocational training programs are based on all of the following ideas: (Skill 5.08) (AVERAGE)
Students acquire specific training in job skills prior to exiting school, Students need specific training and supervision in applying skills learned in school to requirements in job situations, & Students obtain needed instruction and field-based experiences that help them to be able to work in specific occupations
A functional curriculum includes: (Skills 6.10) (AVERAGE)
After purchasing what seemed to be a very attractive new math kit for use with her students who have learning disabilities, Ms. Davis discovered her students could not use the kit unless she read the math problems and instructions to them, as the readability level was higher than the majority of the students' functional reading capabilities. Which criterion of the materials selection did Ms. Davis most likely fail to consider when selecting this math kit? (Skill 4.09) (AVERAGE)
What determines whether a person is entitled to protection under Section 504? (Skill 6.03) (AVERAGE)
The individual must meet the definition of a person with a disability, The person must be able to meet the requirements of a particular program in spite of his or her disability, The school, business, or other facility must be the recipient of federal funding assistance
Zero Reject requires all children with disabilities be provided with what? (Skill 6.03) (AVERAGE)
Adherence to the annual local education agency (LEA) reporting & Free, appropriate public education
In establishing your behavior management plan with the students, it is best to: (Skill 4.04) (AVERAGE)
Have students involved in creating the rules on day one
What TWO student behaviors are indicative of a possible crisis? (Skill 6.11) (AVERAGE)
Victim of violence and uncontrolled anger
Five-year-old Tom continues to substitute the "w" sound for the "r" sound when pronouncing words; therefore, he often distorts words e.g., "wabbit" for "rabbit" and "wat" for "rat." His articulation disorder is basically a problem in: (Skill8.01) (AVERAGE)
Which electronic device enables persons with hearing impairments to make and receive phone calls? (Skill 4.06) (AVERAGE)
Telecommunication Device for the Deaf (TDD)
Michael's teacher complains that he is constantly out of his seat. She also reports that he has trouble paying attention to what is going on in class for more than a couple of minutes at a time. He appears to be trying, but his writing is often illegible, containing many reversals. Although he seems to want to please, he is very impulsive and stays in trouble with his teacher. He is failing reading, and his math grades, though somewhat better, are still below average. Michael's Full and Individual Evaluation (FIE) Should include assessment for: (Skill 1.01) (AVERAGE)
Specific learning disabilities
How was the training of special education teachers changed by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2002? (Skill 10.01) (AVERAGE)
If a special education teacher is teaching a core subject, he or she must meet the standard of a highly qualified teacher in that subject.
Jane is a third grader. Mrs. Smith, her teacher, noted that Jane was having difficulty with math and reading assessments. The results from recent diagnostic tests showed a strong sight vocabulary, strength in computational skills, but a weakness was apparent in mathematical word problems as well. The multi-disciplinary team recommended placement in a special education resource room for two periods each school day. For the remainder of the school day, her placement would be: (Skill 10.08) (AVERAGE)
In the regular classroom
All of the following are suggestions for altering the presentation of tasks to match the student's rate of learning: (Skill 12.02) (AVERAGE)
Teach in several shorter segments of time rather than a single lengthy session, Watch for nonverbal cues that indicate students are becoming confused, bored, or restless, & Avoid giving students an inappropriate amount of written work.
A paraprofessional has been assigned to assist you in the classroom. What action the part of the teacher would lead to a poor working relationship? (Skill 12.02) (AVERAGE)
Defining classroom behavior management as your responsibility alone.
Bob shows behavior problems such as lack of attention, out of seat and talking out. His teacher has kept data on these behaviors and has found that Bob is showing much better self-control since he has been self-managing himself through a behavior modification program. The most appropriate placement recommendation for Bob at this time is probably: (Skill 10.02) (AVERAGE)
The regular classroom solely
Television, movies, radio, and newspapers contribute to the public's poor understanding of disabilities b: (Skill12.04) (AVERAGE)
Portraying the person with the disability as one with incredible abilities
You should prepare for a parent-teacher conference by: (Skill 12.02) (AVERAGE)
Mrs. Freud is a consultant teacher. She has two students with Mr. Ricardo. Mrs. Freud should: (Skill 12.02) (AVERAGE)
Discuss lessons with the teacher and suggest modifications before class.
Which of the following is a specific change of language in IDEA? (Skill 11.05) (AVERAGE)
The term "Handicapped" changed to "With Disabilities"
You are monitoring the cafeteria and you noticed Joshua stuffing his pockets with food. Not just snack food, but lunch items as well. (Skill 10.07) (AVERAGE)
Joshua may not be getting fed at home.
Manifest Determination Review (MDR) ARD committees should first: (Skill 12.10) (AVERAGE)
Determine if the disability was a cause of the behavior
Which component changed with the reauthorization of the Education for all Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (EHA) 1990 EHA amendment? (Skill 10.01) (AVERAGE)
Individual Education Plans
An individual with disabilities in need of employability training, as well a job, should be referred to what governmental agency for assistance? (Skill 12.04) (AVERAGE)
Vocational and Educational Services for Individuals with Disabilities (VESID)
In order for a student to function independently in the learning environment, which of the following must be true? (Skill 10.08) (AVERAGE)
The student must be able to do the assigned task
Joey is in a mainstreamed preschool program. One of the means his teacher uses in determining growth in adaptive skills is that of observation. Some questions about Joey's behavior that she might ask include: (Skill 5.06) (AVERAGE)
Is he able to hold a cup?, Can he call the name of any of his toys?, & Can he reach for an object and grasp it?
In career education specific training and preparation required for the world of work occurs during the phase of: (Skill 5.08) (AVERAGE)
Which of the following questions most directly evaluate the utility of instructional material? (Skill 3.07) (RIGOROUS)
Are the materials organized in a useful manner?
Which of the following is an example of an Alternative Assessment? (Skill 2.05) (RIGOROUS)
Testing skills in a "real world" setting in several settings.
Individuals with mental retardation can be characterized as: (Skill 1.01) (RIGOROUS)
Often indistinguishable from normal developing children at an early age
When you need to evaluate a student's work ethics, you should give what type of assessment? (Skill 2.05) (RIGOROUS)
Which of the following is a possible side-effect of an Anti-depressant? (Skill 1.07) (RIGOROUS)
The extent to which a test measures what its authors or users claim that it measures is called its: (Skill 2.01) (RIGOROUS)
The most important steps in writing a Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) is: (Skill 2.09) (RIGOROUS)
Establish antecedents related or causative to the behavior.
Teachers must keep meticulous records. They are required to share all of them with the student's parent/guardian: (Skill 2.05) (RIGOROUS)
Daily attendance Record, Grade reports, & Discipline notice placed in cumulative record.
A good method to teach ethical understanding to those in the functional curriculum is: (Skill 3.02) (RIGOROUS)
The unfinished Story
Which of the following would be classified as direct rather than indirect services that a specially trained special education teacher would provide to regular education teachers? (Skill 2.10) (RIGOROUS)
Teach a math unit on measurement
Children are engaged in a game of charades. Which type of social-interpersonal skill is the teacher most likely attempting to develop? (Skill 7.04) (RIGOROUS)
Sensitivity to others
Which of the following is an example of cross-modal perception involving integrating visual stimuli to an auditory verbal process? (Skill 8.10) (RIGOROUS)
Describing a picture
______________ is a skill that teachers help students develop to sustain learning throughout life. (Skill 8.07) (RIGOROUS)
Which of the following is true about the ending "er"? (Skill 8.01) (RIGOROUS)
It represents one of the smallest units of meaning within a word, It is called an inflectional ending, & When added to a word, it connotes a comparative status.
Alan has failed repeatedly in his academic work. He needs continuous feedback in order to experience small, incremental achievements. What type of instructional material would best meet this need? (Skill 4.09) (RIGOROUS)
What can you do to create a good working environment with a classroom assistant? (Skill 4.09) (RIGOROUS)
Plan lessons with the assistant
Modeling is an essential component of which self-training approach? (Skill 6.08) (RIGOROUS)
What can a teacher plan that will allow him/her to avoid adverse situations with students? (Skill 6.11) (RIGOROUS)
Target behaviors must be: (Skill 6.04) (RIGOROUS)
Observable, Measurable, & Definable
A Behavioral Intervention Plan (BIP): (Skill 6.10) (RIGOROUS)
Should be written by a team
In which way is a computer like an effective teacher? (Skill 5.04) (RIGOROUS)
Provides immediate feedback
In which of the following ways does an effective teacher utilize pacing as a means of matching a student's rate of learning? (Skill 4.02) (RIGOROUS)
Selected content is presented based upon prerequisite skills then presented in modified measures of time.
Charise comes into your room and seems to know every button to push to get you upset with her. What could be a good intervention? (Skill 6.05) (RIGOROUS)
Acculturation refers to the individual's: (Skill 5.01) (RIGOROUS)
A life space interview is used for? (Skill 4.04) (RIGOROUS)
To create awareness of distorted perceptions
Some environmental elements which influence learning styles include: (Skill 5.02) (RIGOROUS)
Light, Temperature, & Design.
When teaching a student who is predominately auditory, to read, it is best to: (Skill 5.04) (RIGOROUS)
Stress phonetic analysis
Janiay requires Occupational Therapy and Speech Therapy services. She is your student. What must you do to assure her services are met? (Skill 5.10) (RIGOROUS)
Which is a step teachers use to establish cooperative learning groups in the classroom? The teacher: (Skill 5.04) (RIGOROUS)
Select members of each learning group, Directly teach cooperative group skills, & Assigns cooperative group skills.
Strategies specifically designed to move the learner from dependence to independence include: (Skill 6.04) (RIGOROUS)
Demonstration, imitation, assistance, prompting, and ver instruction & Cognitive modeling and self -guidance through overt, faded overt and covert stages.
Which assistive device can be used by those who are visually impaired to assist in their learning? (Skill 4.06) (RIGOROUS)
Closed circuit television
Cognitive learning strategies include: (Skill 5.12) (RIGOROUS)
Teaching students how to manage their own behavior in school
Children with disabilities are least likely to improve their social-interpersonal skills by: (Skill 6.06) (RIGOROUS)
Talking with their sister or brother
What is most descriptive of vocational training in special education? (Skill 5.08) (RIGOROUS)
Instruction focuses upon self-help skills, social-interpersonal skills, motor skills, rudimentary academic skills, simple occupational skills, and lifetime leisure and occupational skills
The ____________ modality is most frequently used in the learning process. (Skill 2.08) (RIGOROUS)
Auditory, Visual, & Tactile
Johnny just hit Sarah for no apparent reason. What condition listed below could allow a conclusion that this action was related to his disability? (Skill 1.06) (RIGOROUS)
Social Pragmatic Disorder
Which of the following teaching activities is likely to enhance observational learning in students with special needs? (Skill 2.08) (RIGOROUS)
A demonstration of the behavior, followed by an immediate opportunity for the children to imitate the behavior, A simultaneous demonstration and explanation of the behavior, followed by ample opportunity for the children to rehearse the instructed behavior, & Physically guiding the children through the behavior to be imitated, while verbally explaining the behavior
The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) affected students with Limited English Proficiency (LEP) by: (Skill 10.01) (RIGOROUS)
Requiring these students to demonstrate English Language Proficiency before a high school diploma is granted.
Most children entering school are not developmentally ready to understand concepts such as? (Skill 9.03) (RIGOROUS)
You note that a child in your class is expressing discomfort when placing his back against a chair. You ask him if he's ok, and he says it's nothing. You notice what appears to be a belt mark on his shoulder. What is the first thing you should do? (Skill 10.07) (RIGOROUS)
Follow school policy
Which is a less than ideal example of collaboration in successful inclusion? (Skill 12.01) (RIGOROUS)
Special education teachers are informed of the lesson before hand and assist regular education teachers in the classroom
Presentation of tasks can be altered to match the student's rate of learning by: (Skill 12.02) (RIGOROUS)
Introducing a new task only when the student has demonstrated mastery of the previous task in the learning hierarchy
Lotzie is not labeled as needing special education services and appears unable to function on grade level in both academics and socially. He is in 9th grade reading picture books, and consistently displays immature behavior that can be misinterpreted. You have already observed these behaviors. What should be done first? (Skill 12.02) (RIGOROUS)
Plan and discuss possible interventions with the teacher
A mother is upset that her child is not being helped and asks you about the difference between the 504 Plan and an IEP. What is the difference? (Skill 11.01) (RIGOROUS)
504 plan provides little interventions/services, while an IEP is more intensive providing more services, such as a special class.
Legislation in Public Law 94- 142 attempts to: (Skill 10.01) (RIGOROUS)
Match the child's educational needs with appropriate educational services, Include parents in the decisions made about their child's education, & Establish means by which parents can provide input.
What do the 9th and 10th Amendments of the U.S. Cosntitution state about education?
(Skill 12.09) (RIGOROUS)
That education is free
The best resource a teacher can have to reach a student is? (Skill 12.01) (RIGOROUS)
Contact with the parents/guardians
A Pre-IEP team coordinates and participates in due diligence through what process? (Skill 12.10) (RIGOROUS)
Child study team meets first time without parents, Teachers take child learning concerns to the school counselor, & School personnel initiate Response to Intervention (RTI)
Which of the following examples would be considered of highest priority when determining the need for the delivery of appropriate special education and related services? (Skill 10.06) (RIGOROUS)
An eight-year-old boy is repeating first grade for the second time and exhibits problems with toileting, gross motor functions, and remembering number and letter symbols. His regular classroom teacher claims the referral forms are too time-consuming and refuses to complete them. He also refuses to make accommodations because he feels every child should be treated alike.
A money bingo game was designed by Ms. Johnson for use with her middle school students. Cards were constructed with different combinations of coins pasted on each of the nine spaces. Ms. Johnson called out various amounts of change (e.g. 30 cents) and students were instructed to cover the coin combinations on their cards which equaled the amount of change (e.g. two dimes and two nickels, three dimes, and so on). The student who had the first bingo was required to add the coins in each of the spaces covered and tell the amounts before being declared the winner. Five of Ms. Johnson's sixth graders played the game during the ten minute free activity time following math class. Which of the following attributes are present in this game in this situation? (Skill 5.04) (RIGOROUS)
Accompanied by simple, uncomplicated rules, Of brief duration, permitting replay, & Age appropriateness
Understanding Individuals with disabilities and evaluating their needs.
The special education teacher understands and applies knowledge of the characteristics and needs of students with disabilities.
The special education teacher understands formal and informal assessment and evaluation procedures and knows how to evaluate student competencies to make instructional decisions.
Promoting student learning and development
The special education teacher understands and applies knowledge of procedures for planning instruction for individuals with disabilities
The special education teacher understands and applies knowledge of procedures for managing the teaching and learning environment, including procedures related to the use of assistive technology.
The special education teacher knows how to promote students' educational performance in all content areas by facilitating their achievement in a variety of settings and situations.
The special education teacher understands and applies knowledge of issues and procedures for teaching appropriate student behavior and social skills.
The special education teacher understands and applies knowledge of transition issues and procedures across the life span.
Promoting student achievement in English Language Arts and Reading and in Mathematics
The special education teacher promotes students' performance in English Language Arts and Reading.
The special education teacher promotes students' performance in Mathematics.
Foundations and professional roles and responsibilities
The special education teacher understands the philosophical, historical, and legal foundations of special education
The special education teacher applies knowledge of professional roles and responsibilities and adheres to legal and ethical requirements of the profession.
The special education teacher knows how to communicate and collaborate effectively in a variety of professional settings.
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