89 terms

Academic Vocabulary Building in English, Intermediate Volume 2 - Review for Final (Unit 1, 2, 4, 6, 7)

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conserve
to protect and keep from being wasted or overused
contaminate
to make something impure, to pollute something
gloomy
depressing, negative, without hope
isolate
to cause someone or something to be alone, apart from others
phenomenon
a fact or event that can be observed, often something that is extraordinary, incredible, or amazing
potential
having abilities that could be developed for success or usefulness in the future
rescue
to save someone or something from a dangerous or undesired situation
resource
a supply of whatever is needed to perform a task
rugged
land that is difficult or rough
sanitary
conditions that are clean and healthy
spill
to cause or let a liquid go outside of its container
stable
not changing or failing, firmly established
substitute
to use or add something or someone in place of another
territory
an animal's or human's living area
visible
able to be seen
wind
movement of air
ambiguous
having two or more possible meanings or interpretations; unclear
censor
someone who reviews newspapers or other media and removes or changes information that might be embarrassing or harmful
chronological
arranged in order according to time, from earlier to latest
focus
to give close attention to something or someone, to concentrate on or emphasize a point
format
a style of organizing or presenting information
illustration
a picture in a book, magazine, newspaper, or other publication; an example that helps to make a statement or argument clearer
imply
to suggest that something is true without saying so directly
indicate
to point out something; to show that something is true or will probably happen
interpret
to understand or describe something from a particular viewpoint; to translate words from one language to another, especially orally
issue
controversy, topic, or question that people discuss and disagree about; an edition or version of a magazine or other publication that appears regularly
nonsense
an idea or statement that is silly or illogical
offend
to upset or shock someone by being rude or disrespectful
portray
to show or describe someone or something in a particular way
preach
to speak publicly to try to persuade people, especially about religious beliefs
rehearsal
a practice session for a play, concert, or other public performance
represent
to officially speak or act for a person or group; to show or describe something or to symbolize it
tragedy
an event that causes great physical or emotional harm; a disaster; a work of art that describes such an event
vague
unclear or imprecise; difficult to perceive or understand
administrator
the manager of a department, business, or school
annoy
to make someone feel uncomfortable or slightly angry by your behavior; to bother someone
associate
to connect someone or something to a particular place or person; spend time with someone or something
attitude
the opinions and feelings you usually have about someone or something
competent
able to do something to a particular standard
debate
a discussion of a topic or subject in which there are different opinions
evaluate
a measure of someone or something in order to judge it
insist
to continue to make the same point or argument, even when others disagree
omit
to leave out, either by accident or on purpose
outcome
the final result
passion
very strong feelings about someone or something, such as love, hate, or anger
philosophy
a belief or way of thinking; a field of study including the use of language, especially logical communication
predict
to make a statement about what you believe will happen in the future
ratio
the relationship between two amounts, represented by two numbers that show how much bigger one is than the other
rude
not polite, not nice
tenure
a permanent position or job, frequently used with university professors
valid
true, real, based on facts
yield
to give results; to allow yourself to be convinced or pushed to so something
assume
to believe something is true without being sure that it is so
echo
a sound that repeats itself in large empty spaces, such as in valleys or rooms
encounter
to meet someone or something unexpectedly
folk
in the traditional way or style from a particular area; parents; relatives; ordinary people (sometimes plural)
grab
to take something suddenly, roughly, or rudely from someone else
leisure
spare or free time when you are able to relax and enjoy what you are doing
obstacle
something that prevents progress or is to be overcome
pace
the speed at which something is done
panic
chaos or feelings of anxiety that result from an accident or unplanned problem
postpone
to delay an event
primitive
simple or not advanced
routine
a regular, established, and repeated way of doing something
subsequent
following, next
sweat
perspiration; the water that the body produces on the skin when it becomes too hot
tense
feeling very anxious, nervous, and stressed; causing such a feeling
tent
a temporary shelter made of cloth such as nylon or canvas, especially for camping or outdoor parties
trail (n)
a small path in a natural setting, such as woods or a park
trail (v)
to follow behind someone or something
vigorous
with great energy, strength, effort, or enthusiasm
advice
a suggestion you can give about what should be done
bear
to carry something that is heavy; to accept something that is hard or painful
campaign
a plan of actions or activities that are often part of a way, politics, or business
cease
to stop doing something
dignity
the appearance of control and self-respect, even when someone is in a difficult situation
discipline
training in a set of rules for good behavior
distribute
to share something among individuals, a group, or within an organization
enforce
to require that a set of rules or decisions is obeyed
frustrate
to block someone form doing something; to feel angry or annoyed
identify
to correctly or legally show the name of something or someone
involve
to include someone or something
marked
something that is important, noticeable, or unusual
obey
to do what someone tells you to do or follow what a law or rule says you must do
rebel
to battle against someone or something who has power
reform
to change something so that it becomes better or modern
resume
to begin again or start again
retreat
to go back from a position; to escape by returning
victory
success in winning a battle, war, or competition
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