Chapter 2, 13, and 14

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Terms in this set (...)

Savannas
treeless grasslands that cover the central plateau of sub-Saharan Africa
Axum
This African trading society absorbed many elements of Roman culture including Christianity despite being surrounded by Islam
Ghana
West African trading civilization located between the gold and salt mines; created iron tools and weapons; kings controlled taxes on goods
Great Plains
In this region that stretched from the Rockies to the Mississippi, Indian tribes like the Sioux depended less on agriculture and more on buffalo; look out for the cliff
Iroquois Confederacy
In what is today New York and New England, a confederation of 5 tribes called _?_ established an organization designed for protection mostly
Maya
They were located largely in the Yucatan and Guatemala and they created an extensive trading society, made scientific advances like complex calendars and had numbers based off of 20
Mesoamerica
The name for the area that is largely today Mexico and Central America
Olmec
This was the first known civilization in Mesoamerica appearing around 1200 BC; known as the "rubber people."
Caral
This was the oldest major city in the Americas that appeared around 2500 B.C.
Anasazi
This civilization of the Southwest corner of North America adapted to its arid environment by carving out irrigation systems and large housing complexes out of solid rock
Mansa Musa
Powerful and wealthy leader of Mali, who will drop the value of gold on his Hajj
Swahili
Language and culture that will develop from and combine both Bantu and Arabic words; "people of the coast"
Matrilineal
Term for African family lineages that are based on the mother rather than the father
Hopewell
Mound builders in the eastern woodlands
Quipu
Tool used by the Inca to keep records despite the fact that they did not have a written language
Beringia
Theory or idea that the people who become the natives in the Americas came across a land-bridge from Asia
Tenochtitlan
Capital city of the Aztec; built in the middle of a lake will get wiped out by Spanish explorers...thanks Cortes
Griots
Social class of African story tellers
Thor Heyerdahl
Early 20th Century ethnologist who theorized that Native Americans could have also arrived here by sailing from Asia
Diviners
Class of African people who were thought to have the power to control supernatural forces and see the future
Songhai
West African civilization that will come to control trade and places like Timbuktu to become one of the largest African civilizations in history
Berbers
Nomadic north African people who will use camels to open up trade routes across the desert
Bantu
The family of African languages spoken by various groups; will migrate across Africa & even combine with Arabic
Inca
South American civilization that drew upon earlier settlements and used things like language and labor to promote unity and loyalty
Quechua
The spoken language of the Inca; required by all not matter what
Timbuktu
West African city of trade, culture and education
Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
Trade routes across north Africa from east-west opened by the Berbers
Desert
Large climate zone of Africa; takes up abut 40%