15 terms

Vocabulary #9 (Review List)

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Declaration of Independence
Signed in 1776 by US revolutionaries; it declared the United States as an independent nation.
Articles of Confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary War.
Great Compromise
This created a bicameral legislature: a House of Representatives based on population and a Senate with equal representation
Three-Fifths Compromise
Called for counting three-fifths of the slave population for representation and taxation
Federalist Papers
a series of essays written to encourage ratification, or approval, of the U.S. Constitution
Legislative Branch
the branch of government having the power to make laws, includes Congress
Executive Branch
Branch of government that enforces the laws, includes the President
Judicial Branch
The branch of government that interprets laws, includes the courts
Checks and Balances
the system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other two branches
George Washington
He set many precedents for future presidents, earlier was the commander of the Continental Army
Washington's Farewell Address
speech that warned against political parties and foreign alliances
Marbury v. Madison
U.S. Supreme Court case that established judicial review
Louisiana Purchase
1803
Purchased by President Jefferson from France
Doubled the size of the US
Spoils System
practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs
Trail of Tears
forced march of the Cherokee Indians to move west of the Mississippi in the 1830s
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