Amanda's Study Guide - History Unit 6
These are from the pages that Amanda highlighted for Shaina
Terms in this set (30)
In Marxist theory, the group of workers who would overthrow the czar and come to rule Russia
A group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of Russia's government in November of 1917
He was leader of the Bolsheviks. He had an engaging personality and was an excellent organizer
A self described "holy man" who claimed to have magical healing powers. He was an advisor to the Czar's wife, Alexandra
a temporary government
one of the local representative councils formed in Russia after the downfall of Czar Nicholas
a political party practicing the ideas pf Karl Marx and Lenin. It was originally the Russian Boleshevik party
He was cold, hard, and impersonal.His name means "man of steel" in Russian. He was a leader of the Communist party.
Who did the Communists under Stalin consider "kulaks"?
They were wealthy pheasants from the Ukraine who resisted collective farming under Stalin. More than 3 million "Kulaks" were shot, exiled, or imprisoned.
What actions put the Kulaks in conflict with Stalin?
The Kulaks resisted collective farming. They murdered officials, torched property and burned their own crops in protest.
What was happening in the spring of 1933 in the Ukraine?
More than 3 million Ukrainians were shot, exiled, or imprisoned. Some 6 million people died as a result of the government engineered famine.
a hazardous 6,000 mile journey undertaken by the Communist forces after the Nationalists surrounded them, resulting in the deaths of thousands
Became President of the New Republic of China in 1912; hoped to establish a modern government based on the "Three Principles of the People: nationalism, people's rights, and people's livelihood
May 4th Movement
3,000 angry students gathered in Beijing, and in other cities, to demonstrate against territories given to Japan under the Treaty of Versailles in 1919; showed the Chinese people's commitment to the goal of establishing a strong, modern nation
the Nationalist Party that pushed for modernization and nationalization in China
headed the Kuomintang after Sun Yixian; feared the Communists' goal of creating a socialist economy modeled after the Soviet Unions
one of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party ; believed he could bring revolution to a rural country where the peasants could be the true revolutionaries
Police terror under a totalitarian leader
The police serve to enforce the government policies. They spy on citizens, intimidate them, and they use even use brutal force or murder
Indoctrination under a totalitarian leader
This is instruction in the government's beliefs to control people's minds. It is strongly enforced in schools.
Propaganda and Censorship under a totalitarian leader
Propaganda is when the government uses the media to sway people to accept certain beliefs or actions. Censorship is when citizens are not allowed to express any views except those of the government
Religious or ethnic persecution under a totalitarian leader
This is the systematic mistreatment of an individual or group of individuals as a response to their religious beliefs or affiliations or lack thereof
the region in western Germany where the Rhine river flows
the making of concessions to an aggressor in order to avoid war
In World War II, the alliance of the countries of Germany, Italy, Japan
General Francisco Franco
the fascist dictator of Spain after the Spanish Civil War
the belief that political ties to other countries should be avoided
A series of acts or laws by the United States Congress that banned loans and sales of arms to nations at war
Hitler's term for the German Empire. It means the third German Empire
This was an area of Czechoslovakia that was on the border of western Germany. Hitler demanded the Sudetenland from the Czechs
This meeting was held on September 29, 1938 in Munich, Germany between Germany, France, Britain, and Italy. The Czechs were not invited. Britain gave into Germany's demands.