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Chapter 32 (History 152)
Terms in this set (67)
Which country possessed the most concentration camps?
Which concentration camp lay farthest to the south?
Which of the following regions contained all but one of the extermination camps?
Which region contained concentration camps, extermination camps, and euthanasia operations sites?
By 1945, approximately how many Jews were killed in the Holocaust?
The Nazis began to implement mass extermination policies during their invasion of which of the following nations?
the Soviet Union
The Russian-German Treaty of Nonaggression of 1939
promised neutrality between the Soviets and Germany in the event of war with a third party.
Which of these features characterized much of the cold war?
competing ideological and propaganda campaigns
Which of the following describes the German Anschluss?
the annexation of Austria
What strategy did Chinese communist forces pursue against the Japanese?
Paramilitary group run by the German SS in World War II, whose main task was to annihilate Jews, Gypsies, and Slavs as the German army moved east, invading the Soviet Union
Japanese suicide pilots in World War II
the western regions of Czechoslovakia inhabited mostly by ethnic Germans
a city in France that served as the capital of unoccupied France during World War II
"lightning war"; surprise attacks by the Germans that were characterized by the unpreparedness of the opponent
commitment of the United States to an interventionist foreign policy dedicated to the containment of communism
post-World War II U.S. proposal to rebuild European economies through cooperation and capitalism for the purpose of repairing destroyed infrastructures and forestalling communist or Soviet influence
German term for "living space," which the Nazi regime sought to create by conquering new territory
council offering increased trade within the Soviet Union and eastern Europe; created by the Soviets as an alternative to the Marshall Plan
regional military alliance against Soviet aggression, composed of mostly western European states and the United States
the Nazi plan for the murder of every living Jew in Europe
the policy adopted by the French and British that tried to maintain peace in Europe in the face of German aggression by making concessions
program in which the United States sent destroyers and other war goods to the British in return for the use of British naval bases
the code name for the Germans' invasion of the Soviet Union
Germany's demand for a forced union with Austria
At the Munich Conference, what promise did British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain exact from Hitler?
that he would cease further efforts to expand German territorial claims
The Tripartite Pact brought together
Germany, Italy, and Japan.
During World War II, women took up arms as combatants in which of these nations' armed forces?
China and the Soviet Union
Which Allied wartime leader gained the most out of the Yalta agreements?
Which event gave Adolf Hitler the opportunity to initiate the Holocaust?
the invasion of the Soviet Union
The Truman Doctrine pledged that
the United States would support free people resisting subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.
What happened to the Japanese war effort immediately following Pearl Harbor?
The Japanese swept on through a string of impressive, coordinated victories.
Operation Barbarossa in 1941 was code for the
German invasion of the Soviet Union.
During most of the cold war, the United States pursued a policy of ________ against the Soviet Union.
During the invasion and occupation by Japan, communist Chinese forces
resisted with guerilla attacks.
During World War II, armed forces relied increasingly on which two features of successful military action?
speed and surprise
Which social group in occupied Europe and Asia generally collaborated with the occupying powers in greater numbers than other groups?
Which nation was the first to experience the brutal horrors of World War II?
Chinese resistance to the Japanese was
weakened by rivalry between Chinese nationalists and communists.
What was the Soviet action in response to NATO's acceptance of West Germany?
formation of the Warsaw Pact
Which of the following is true of the early German expansion during the war?
When Germany conquered western Poland, the Soviets took the eastern sections in accordance with the Nazi-Soviet pact.
Which of the following nations was allied with Germany during the first half of World War II?
Which city marked the easternmost limit of Axis expansion in Europe?
Which northern European nation remained neutral during World War II?
Which western European nation was only partially occupied by Germany before 1943?
Which north African nation was allied with Germany in 1943?
World War II started with the German invasion of which of the following nations?
Germany had to abandon its plans to invade which of the following nations?
The Marshall Plan was
a U.S. financial plan to rebuild Europe and stop Soviet expansion.
As evidence of the renewed power and glory of Italy, Mussolini
supported militarists in the Spanish civil war.
All these answers are correct.
The Battle of Britain was fought mainly in which zone of combat?
in the air
Which two powers' entry into the war decided its outcome?
the Soviet Union and the United States
All of the following were essential to the Soviet defense against the Nazis EXCEPT
outrage at the German treatment of Jewish minorities in eastern Europe.
In August 1939, which two nations signed a treaty of nonaggression that shocked the world and precipitated World War II in Europe?
Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union
At the Wannsee Conference in 1942, Nazi leaders decided to
deport all European Jews to concentration camps in Poland for extermination.
Immediate provocation for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was
an American-led oil embargo against Japan.
At the end of the postwar conferences, which of the following had the Allies agreed upon?
occupation of Korea, half by the Soviets and half by the Americans
Which island chain lay at the northeastern limit of the Japanese advance?
The southern part of the Allied westward advance began on which island?
Which region lay outside the western limits of the Japanese empire in 1944?
Which island chain acted as the intermediate objective in the advance to Okinawa?
Japanese advances into which of the following regions during 1940 and 1941 spurred U.S. involvement in the war?
Which cities were subject to atomic attack at the end of the war?
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Which Japanese conquest in Asia dispelled myths of European military invincibility against non-European forces?
The key to Allied victory in Europe was the
vast personnel and industrial capacity of the United States and Soviet Union.
Which of the following is among the reasons that there was little or no opposition to the state and its policies in Japan during the war?
Political parties were weak or had been destroyed.
The Japanese finally surrendered in 1945
after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
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