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Unit 6: Joshua and Judges
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Terms in this set (48)
Who is Joshua and what is his role?
-Son of Nun
-Role: He must follow and keep God's promises
How did the Israelite entry to Canaan happen?
They must carry the Ark of the Covenant and cross the Jordan River
How does this resemble events that happened in the Book of Exodus?
This reminds us of the Crossing/Parting of the Red Sea. In both stories, God interfers to prove a point and performs a miracle. The Israelites cannot cross each of the rivers without God's permission
What is the role of the Ark of the Covenant and Levitical Priests?
Ark of the Covenant : Leads Israelites into the Promised Land
Levitical Priests: Carry the Ark of the Covenant to Canaan
Why does it have to happen this way?
Priests carrying the Ark into battle is the proper way of doing things: YHWH leads the Israelites to and through Canaan
Who is Rahab?
What role does she play in the conquest of Jericho?
She hides the two spies that came to her house
Why does she do it?
She said that she did not know where they came from or who they are, but she knows the LORD has given them the land, and the fear of 2 men has fallen on others.
She wants them to save the lives of her family and deliver their lives from death.
How does the conquest of Jericho take place?
THE PRIEST MARCH AROUND THE CITY WITH THE ARK BLOWING HORNS AND THEN THE WALLS COLAPSE
What is left of the city?
RAHAB AND ALL WHO WERE IN HER HOUSE
What is the Ban? (i.e. what are the requirements)
(HEREM) KILL EVERYONE, TAKE NO LOOT FOR YOURSELF, DESTROY ALL PROPERTY, GIVE IT TO PRIEST WHO WILL SACRIFICE IT
The Ban says the Israelites must:
1. Kill all of the people of the city
2. Not take any of the loot from the battle for themselves
3. Destroy all the property of the city, or
4. Give it to the priests
When is the Ban enacted?
AFTER THE HEBREWS CONQUERED A CITY OR AREA
What is the purpose of the Ban?
SO THEY WONT MINGLE WITH THE CANAANITES AND BE TEMPTED WITH THE SPOILS OF WAR AND IDOLATRY
What are the consequences for the Israelites when they don't follow YHWH's commandment to enact the ban?
THE HEBREWS LOOSE GODS HELP AND START TO LOOSE BATTLES
In the video we watched in class, Bishop Barron gives us 3 suggestions about how to read about violence in the Bible. What are his 3 suggestions?
1. These stories are allegories for how to approach sin
2. Read these stories from the persepctive of the slain lamb
3. They are trying to communicate something about who God is
What happens at the City of Ai?
THE HEBREWS WERE KILLED AND LOST MANY MEN FOR WHAT SHOULD HAVE BEEN EASY BECAUSE LOST GOD'S FAVOR
Why do the Israelite struggle to take the City of Ai for the first time?
ACHAN BROKE THE BAN AND TOOK SOME OF THE LOOT FOR HIMSLEF
Why are they successful the second time?
THEY KILLED ACHAN AND REPENTED TO GOD THEN HE HELP THEM AMBUSH AI BUY HAVING ONE SIDE OF THE ARMY PULL OUT THE SOLDIERS WHILE THE OTHER SIDE OR THE ARMY RUSHED THE CITY
What is the role of Achan in this whole ordeal?
HE IS THE ONE WHO STEALS FROM GOD AND CAUSES THE HEBREWS TO LOOSE GODS HELP
How is Achan's involvement resolved by the Israelites?
THEY STONE HIM TWICE THEN ASKED GOD FOR FORGIVENESS
Why do the 5 Amorite Kings wage war against the Gibeonites?
They heard the Gibeonites made peace with the sons of Israel
How does Joshua intervene on their behalf?
Joshua took his men and went to save Gideon
Who is Ba'al?
The lord or owner of the land
The God of rain and fertility
Why did the Canaanites practice nature religion?
It provided a way to control nature's powers and insure the ruitfulness of the soul
What were they attempting to control?
Powers of Nature
Why would Israelites be tempted to worship Ba'al alongside YHWH (called syncretism!) ?
Some farmers may have relied on Ba'al for their crops to grow
They may mainly worship YHWH but take part in certain Ba'al rituals
What is an example of syncretism?
An Israelite farmer worshipping Ba'al in order for their crops to grow
What does Joshua warn the Israelites about in his farewell address?
-Tells them to be very steadfast
-Keep and do all that Moses did
-Do not make mention of their gods' names
-Do not marry them
-Do all the LORD tells you
-Follow the law
What promises does he give them and future generations?
He promises the Land that the LORD promised to them and past generations
Keep the land they have conquered
Must stay faithful to God in order to have his help
How does Joshua explain the Israelite successes up to this point?
Not one thing has failed of all the good things the LORD has promised
What major figures/events does he talk about?
Figures: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Esau. Moses, and Aaron
Events: Gave Abraham descendants, Parting of Red Sea, Plagued Egypt, Parting of Jordan River, Battles against people, Jericho
How is idolatry both a temptation and a reality for the Israelites?
The people around them are worshipping false Gods
"When Israelites worship false Gods, bad things happen"
What is the role of a Judge?
TO DELIVER THE JEWS FROM AN OPPRESSOR
What is the Cycle of Sin? (What are the 5 Steps?)
SIN(IDOLATRY),OPPRESSION,REPENTANCE,LORD RAISES A JUDGE,FREE FROM THEIR OPRESSORS
What is the sin into which the Israelies continually fall?
Who is Otheniel?
FIRST JUDGE FROM JUDAH WHO SAVED JEWS FROM ARAM-NAHARAIM MESOPOTAMIA KING PEACE FOR 40 YEARS AFTER 8 OF SLAVERY
Who is Ehud?
THRUSTED A BLADE IN FAT EGLON OF MOABITES SNUCK IN SAYING HE HAS A MESSAGE FROM GOD FOR THE KING EHUD IS LEFT HANDED TRIBUTE
Who is Deborah?
FEAMLE JUDGE, FIERY WOMAN, BARAK HELPS HER BUT HE GETS NO GLORY, JAEL DRIVES NAIL INTO SISERA(OPPRESSOR) SKULL. WOMAN GET GLORY. TOLD TWICE, ONE IN SONG TOO SHOW IMPORTANCE
Who is Gideon?
GOOD JUDGE NOT PERFECT, HAS 70 SONS ONE ABLIMELECH. OFFERED TO BE KING SAYS GOD IS THE KING.
Who is Samson?
NAZARETH MAN(NO DEAD BODIES, KEEP HAIR, NO GRAPES) SAMSON GREAT WARRIOR KILLS MANY PHILISTINES WIFE KEEPS ASKING FOR HIS SECRET TOO STRENGTH HE TELLS HER THEN HE LOOSES STRENGTH AND CAPTURED THEN REGAINS IT KILLING HIMSELF AND FREEING THE JEWS WITH KILLING MANY AT THE PALACE HE DESTROYS.
How does Samson embody the characteristics of the Israelites? (Be able to list at least 3)
CHOSEN BY GOD, KILLS ENEMIES, DO ANYTHING WITH GOD, MARRIES PHILISTINE, DIES WITH PHILISTINES
Who is Abimelech?
A CORRUPT SON OF GIDEON WHO KILLED ALL BUT ONE BROTHER AND MADE HIMSELF A KING KILLED MANY JEWS DICTATOR
In what ways is the story of Abimelech a warning to the Israelites about embracing monarchy (a king)?
HE IS VERY BAD AND IS POWER CRAZY GIVING THEM A TASTE OF WHAT A KING WOULD BE LIKE.
What is the role of YHWH as Israel's true sovereign?
HE LEADS THEM AND FULLFILLS HIS PROMISES THAT MAKE THEM ABLE TO DO ANYTHING WITH HIM
Who is Ruth?
THE DAUGHTER IN LAW OF NAOMI MARRIES BOAZ AND TKAES CARE OF NAOMI WHEN THERE HUSBANDS DIED
Who is Boaz?
WEALTHILY KIN TO NAOMI THAT MARRIED RUTH AND HELPED THE TWO WOMEN
What is the significance of the story of Ruth and Boaz?
IT SHOWS HESSED(LOVING-KINDNESS) HOW TO BE MERCIFUL
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