Archaic Greece Humanities review
Terms in this set (31)
Indo-Europeans from the north who invaded the Mycenaeans
-Introduced the council of four hundred
-Put Athen's laws into writing
-Intense penalties for petty crimes
-Outlawed debt slavery
-Opens political offices to more citizens
-Granted citizenship to foreigners
-Gave the Athenian Assembly more say in decisions
-Improved economy by exporting olive oil and wine
-Fathers required to find trade for sons or else sons don't have to take care of said fathers when their dads become older
-Redistributed land from large estates ro landless peasants
-Public work projects
-First scholarly edition of Homer's poems
- Worked to unify Athenian society
-Changed representation from class or family based where you live
-Father of Athenian democracy
-Recognized the Boule
-Constructed much of Delphi
-Hypothesized that earth floats on water and esarhtquackes occur when it is rocked by waves.
-First principle (basic element ) is "boundless"
-Could create without experiencing decay
-Source of all things must be air or vapor
-Aware of Thales idea about water
-Founded a religious community, crotona (SEXES EQUAL)
-Numbers are the essence of all things
-All matter can be represented numerically
-All relationships can be exposed numerically
-"Music of the spheres"
-Recognized the relationships between music and mathematics
-Believed in reincarnation
-Eleatic schoool in from Elea in Sicily
"What is real must be permenaent and unchanging"
-Five senses cant be trusted
Rationalism- belief the human reason is the main source of knowledge of our world.
-Trust in the mind
-Universe is in a state of constant change
"Everything is becoming"
-World is composed of opposite
-Basic element is fire
-Logos (word)as guiding force
-Parmenides and heractlilitus were both right and wrong
-Earth air fire and wood
-Allnature is composed of four elements not just one
-Combination and dissolution of the 4 roots
-Two forces in the universe love and strife
-Nature is made by an infinite number of tiny particles
-Lived in Athens
-Interested in astronomy
-Sun is not a god but a hot stone
-Moon has not light of his own
Democritus and Leucippus
-Postulated atomic theory
-Matter is made up of one minute particles called "atoma"
Atoma- Greek for invisible
2 written works from Archaic period
The Iliad and The Odyssey
3 regions the Greeks colonized
Offering to Apollo in Delphi
Bar-Bar (meaning none Greek)
2 things that unified the Greeks
Common language and common religion
The Orientalizing Period centered in...
Creature on many of vases?
Singular MALE statue
Singular FEMALE statue
Doric Vs Ionic Order
Doric is found on Greece mainland
Ionic has curly q column
Ionic has base, unlike Doric
Ionic has no triglyphs
Extreme penalties for no reason