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Chapter 6 - Ancient Rome and Early Christianity
Chapter 6 Vocab
Terms in this set (33)
A form of government in which power is in the hands of representatives and leaders are elected by citizens who have the right to vote.
In ancient Rome, a member of the wealthy, privileged upper class.
In ancient Rome, one f the common farmers, artisans, and merchants who made up most of the population.
In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights.
In the Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government.
In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats.
In ancient Rome, a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time.
A military unit of the ancient Roman army, made up of about 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback.
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
Carthaginian general who wanted to avenge Carthage's earlier defeat in the Punic Wars. Hannibal assembled an army of 50,000 infantry, 9,000 cavalry, and 60 elephants with the intent of capturing Rome. Hannibal was not successful.
A conflict between two political groups within the same country.
in 60 B.C. as a military leader Julius Caesar joined forces with Crassus and Pompey creating the first Roman Triumvirate. In 44 B.C. Caesar became the dictator of Rome.
In ancient Rome, a group of three leaders sharing control of the government.
Also known as "Octavian." Augustus was Caesar's adopted son. Part of the second triumvirate of Rome (Octavian, Mark Antony, and Lepidus). Augustus means "exalted one" and he became an unchallenged ruler of Rome. He kept the title imperator, or "supreme military commander."
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.
Jesus was born in the town of Bethlehem in Judea. He was raised in the village of Nazareth, and at age 30 he began his public ministry. His teachings contained many ideas from Jewish tradition, such as monotheism (belief in one god), and the principles of the ten commandments. Jesus emphasized God's personal relationship to each human being. He stressed the importance of people's love for God, their neighbors, their enemies, and even themselves.
One of the followers of Jesus who preached and spread his teachings.
An apostle who had an enormous influence on Christianity's development. Paul was a Jew who never met Jesus and at first was an enemy of Christianity. But, while traveling to Damascus in Syria, he had a vision of Jesus. After this vision he spent the rest of his life spreading and interpreting Jesus' teachings.
The dispersal of the Jews from their homeland in Palestine - especially during the period of more than 1,800 years that followed the Romans' destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in A.D. 70.
A critical moment in Christianity occurred in A.D. 312, when the Roman emperor Constantine was fighting three rivals for leadership of Rome. He reported that he had saw an image of the cross, and then ordered that his troop put the cross on their shields. Constantine credited his success to the help of the Christian God. In A.D. 313 Constantine ended the persecution of the Christians.
A high-ranking Christian official who supervises a number of local churches.
The first pope, the father or head of the Christian Church. Jesus referred to Peter as the "rock" on which the Christian Church would be built.
The bishop of Rome, head of the Roman Catholic Church.
A decline in the value of money, accompanied by a rise in the prices of goods and services.
A soldier who is paid to fight in a foreign army.
In A.D. 284 became the new emperor of Rome. He doubled the size of the Roman army and sought to control inflation by setting prices for goods. He presented himself as a godlike aura. He divided the empire into the Greek speaking East and the Latin speaking West.
The city of Constantine. Rome's new capital, which stood protected by massive walls and filled with imperial buildings modeled after those in Rome.
A Hun chieftain who became a direct threat to the Roman Empire.
An ancient culture that developed from a blending of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman cultures.
Roman town where one can find the best examples of Roman paintings.
A Roman poet who spent ten years writing the most famous work of Latin literature, the Aeneid, the epic of the legendary Aeneas.
A Roman historian who is notable among ancient historians because he presented the facts accurately. He wrote about the good and bad of imperial Rome.
A pipeline of channel built to carry water to populated areas.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 1 - The Peopling of the World
Chapter 2 - Early River Valley Civilizations
Chapter 3 - People and Ideas on the Move
Chapter 4 - First Age of Empires
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