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a dynasty in ancient China that established a centralizaed government, ruled China for 400 yrs
a Chinese political philisophy based on the idea that a highly efficient & powerful goverment is the key to social order
Shi Huang Di
the 1st emperor of the Qin dynasty, unified China, halted internal battles, built the Great Wall of China, established autocracy
the eastern half of the Roman empire, capital: constantinople, practiced Eastern Orthodox christianity
one of two subsets of Islam: followers of Muhammad's example, roots split during the Umayyad dynasty over the disagreemtn of the qualifications of being a caliph
a period of time where there was the rebirth of art and learning, began in Northern Italy
an illness that spread throughout Europe during the Middle Ages, killed approx. 1/3 of Europe's population
a group of people that invaded
Europe, greatly contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire
a church that was destroyed in riots that swept across Constantinpole in 532, rebuilt by the Byzantine ruler Justinian, most splendid church in the Christian world
a period of time in the Roman Empire when Rome was at the peak of its power due to successful agriculture, common currency, complex road networks, extensive trade, successful military, and a sound government
the East Coast of Africa, a major trade network stimulated by the monsoons that brought traders back and forth between Africa & the Arabian Peninsula
a form of government where all poilitical power is absolutely or nominally in the hands of a(n) individual(s)
the 1st emperor of Rome, ruled as an absolute ruler, increased wages for soldiers, created jobs for the poor, expanded the senate, and granted citizenship to many people
the father of Judaism who led the Jews from Egypt to the "promised land", considered the first prophet of God by Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
a trade city in West Africa that became a center of Islamic learning after the fall of the Ghana empire
Tang and Song Dynasty INnovations
ex: pocelain, mechanical clock, printing, gunpowder, paper money, magnetic compass
the state of perfect understanding of all things, belief in Hinduism, reached when a person understands the relationship between atman and Brahman
the "holy roman emperor", crowned so by Pope Leo III, spread Christianity, reunited Western Europe for the 1st time since Rome, set up a strong government, opened monasteries
a system of caravan routes across central Asia, along which travelers carried silk & other trade goods, created a "melting pot" of culture
West African Empires
Ghanna, Mali, Songhai, gold-salt trade played a huge rule in the success of these empires
founder of Buddhism, followed the 8-fold path, believed in reincarnation, born in foothills of Himalayas in Nepal
a government in which power is concentrated in a central authority to which local governments are subject
5 Pillars of Islam
1) Faith/Shahada 2) Prayer/Salat 3) Alms/zakat 4) Fasting/sawm 5) Pilgrimage/hajj
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