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30 terms

Miscellaneous Leadership Stuff

these are just a few miscellaneous things that don't really fit into any other sets... these will mostly help with the multiple choice.
STUDY
PLAY
everything has a cost, people choose for good reasons, incentives influence people's choices, economic systems influence people's choices, people gain from voluntary trade, people's choices influence the value of a good or service, people's choices may have un-intended consequences, choices made today affect what happens tomorrow
name the 8 principles of economic thinking
Land, labor, capital, entrepreneurship
the four economic resources
Market Economy
type of economy where there is individual choice, voluntary exchange, and competition
Command Economy
an economy with strong government control and the government owns some or all factors of production
Mixed Economy
an economic system where there are elements of both systems
Capitalism
a type of mixed economy where the consumers decide what is made, there is private ownership of the factors of production, the goal is a profit, and the government takes a limited role
Socialism
type of mixed economy where government owns all factors of production, and the gov't uses powers to distribute resources equally
Communism
type of mixed economy where government owns all means of production and distribution, and the gov't dictates all parts of life.
Reference Group
any group whose attitude you adopt
In-Group
a group that separates themself from other groups through similar dress, view themselves positivley and others negativley, and compete with out-groups
Contrived Group
a group created for a specific purpose
Social Group
a group that provides safety and solidarity, a combination of primary and secondary group
Group
a set of two or more people who interact on a basis of shared expectations who possess some degree of common identification
Leadership
active participation and seeing tasks through until their completion
Age, mood control, dominance, energy, physique, appearance
6 items with the lowest correlation to leadership
capacity, achievement, responsibility, participation, status, situation
6 most important traits in relation to leadership
Drive, motivation, honesty, self confidence, cognitive ability, knowledge of business
core traits of a leader
Task
a way of running a group that involves structure, good communication, and methodology
Relationships
a way of running a group that involves friendships, trust, and respect
Impovershed
the worst type of leadership that is neither task or relationship oriented
Fred Fielder
came up with the contingency theory
Ralph Stogdill
questioned the trait theory
Invulnerability
symptom of groupthink where everyone feels reassured about obvious problems
Rationale
symptom of groupthink where the group comes up with solutions as problems arise, past problems are blamed on outside factors beyond your control
Morality
symptom of groupthink where the group doesn't think about the ethical or moral consequences of their actions
Steryotypes
symptom of groupthink where the ingroup has a view of the outgroup that makes them think that differences don't make a difference and assume things
Pressure
symptom of groupthink where anyone who thinks differently is forced to agree with the group's consensus
Censorship
symptom of groupthink where a person stops themselves from expressing their own doubts
Unanimity
symptom of groupthink where everyone thinks that the others are thinking the same thing, and they don't want to be the different one
Mindguard
symptom of groupthink where several members of the group are protecting the leader from knowledge of conflicting opinions