What were businesses like during the Industrial Revolution before the Progressive Era? How did the government treat businesses?
• They had huge power and controlled almost all of the countries finances
• The government was extremely hands off and they did not want to get involved
How did the Progressive Era government increase control over businesses and the everyday life of people?
• Congress passed laws establishing regulation of anti-trust laws which would take away the ability for company's to make monopolies
Why did the United States change their policy from isolationist to imperialists in the early 1900s?
• They wanted to gain natural resources
• We also wanted to gain trading partners for global trading of resources that were valuable to the unites states
What was the Monroe Doctorine?
The United States created this policy to show that the interests of the Western Hemisphere were our interests also.
What was the China Open Door Policy
• Policy written by John Hay
• Called for open access to ports, maintain China's independence, and not giving any countries any special privilages when it comes to trading
What were the causes of WWI?
• Alliances were being made willy nilly
• Huge build up of arms
• Race for the best technology the advantage in a "Just in case" situation
• Economic depression
What was the purpose of the Kellogg-Briand Pact?
• The purpose was to try to have nations agree that they would not use war again to settle disputes
Why was the Kellogg-Briand Pact so unsuccessful?
Because though it stated that going to war with other countries was illegal, the countries that signed the pact did not have anyway of enforcing it.
What was the Treaty of Versailles?
The treaty was created after WWI and it stated that Germany had to take full responsibility for the war and it had to pay full reparations for Frances and Britain's losses and economic problems. Germany was charged with paying a total of 6.6 billion dollars to these two countries
What revolution occurred in 1917 during WWI? Where did it occure?
The revolution that occurred in 1917 was the Russian Revolution. The revolution that occurred in October, was where the Bolshevik's seizure of power. This is when the Communists took power and this lasted until 1991.
What was the popular music in the 1920's? What was the culture like in the 1920s?
The popular music in the 1920's was jazz. The culture of the 1920's was moving out of the blue collar style that it had been and pas years and was moving in the era of the flappers ad embracement of African American culture and dance style
Why did the stock market crash and what was its effects?
The reasons for the crash were the lack of diversification in the market, maldistribution of wealth, over production and under consumption, credit structure, declining exports.
What is deficit spending?
When the government spends more than they receive through taxes and other means
What was the Social Security Act?
It created Old Age Insurance, Unemployment Compensation, Provided money for Families w/ dependent children and the disabled. Example of the government being involved in the everyday lives, and federal spending
What was Prohibition? What were its effects?
It was where the government outlawed the distribution of liquor. This lead to an increase in the crime rate and the start of the Black Market
What were the causes of the great depression?
The great depression started because the government chose to stay out of the big businesses way and let them make their monopolies and control the nations finances. There were also credit problems because the people did not know how to control buying on credit.
What was the bank Holiday? When did FDR put this into place?
The Bank Holiday ordered by congress to close down all of the banks for four days to keep from people taking all of their money out of them and to stop the panic. FDR put this into place in his new deal.
What is appeasement?
It was used in the era before WW2 to try to keep Hitler and the rest of Europe from going to war. It is where you let the Adversary take what they want for a little bit so as to not stand up to them and have them start a war.
What is a totalitarian states characteristics and name the leaders of these states in the 1930s?
Is a government which maintains complete control over its citizens. Individuals have no rights and government suppresses opposition. The leaders of Totalitarian types of governments in the 1930s are as follows, Soviet Union- Joseph Stalin, Italy- Benito Mussolini, Japan- Hideki Tojo, Spain- Francisco Franko, Germany- Adolf Hitler
What did Hitler do to consolidate power?
He created the Enabling Act- which was were he could deviate from the constitutional government. Night of long Knives- he eliminated all of his political rivals through death, jail etc.
How did hitler take away rights from Jews?
He dehumanized them and created a series of laws which stripped them of their citizenship and human rights. 6 million Jews were killed out of the 11 million estimated in Europe-Germany area
What were the background causes of world war 2? what sparked the outbreak of WW2?
The US was brought into WWII by the attack on pearl harbor. the invasion of poland brought the other european nations into the war.
What was the german strategy of Blitzkreig?
constant bombing of allied forces. London was hit exceptionally hard
What was the US policy prior to entering WW2?
the US was still in the period of isolationism and this was quite evident before the war. Though Britain and France were fighting a loosing battle against the germans, they were not able to get the US to join because that meant that they would have to loose valuable trading partners and exports.
Effects of pearl harbor
they really hit the americans hard because this was the first invasion on american soil in a long time. It destroyed much of the american power fleet that helped enforce the big stick policies. It would take years for america to build their fleet back up.
planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris. Us won
Site of critical World War II Soviet victory that reversed Germany's advance to the East. In late 1942, Russian forces surrounded the Germans, and on Feb. 2, 1943, the German Sixth Army surrendered. First major defeat for the Germans in World War II.
The Battle of the Bulge
AKA Battle of the Ardennes started on December 16, 1944. planned by the Germans was to split the British and American Allied line in half, capturing Antwerp and then proceeding to encircle and destroy four Allied armies, forcing the Western Allies to negotiate a peace treaty in the Axis's favor. The "bulge" refers to the salient the Germans initially put into the Allies' line of advance. the most bloody of the comparatively few European battles American forces experienced in WWII, the 19,000 American dead
FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War. He would prefer not notifying the russians about the atomic bomb and he did not want the russians to get involved.
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
Eisenhower proposed and obtained a joint resolution from Congress authorizing the use of U.S. military forces to intervene in any country that appeared likely to fall to communism. Used in the Middle East.`
1949; North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an attack against one of the member nations would be viewed as an attack against them all; protected member nations under American nuclear power; first US peacetime military alliance in history, formal end to US isolationism; inspired Soviet Union to create the German Democratic Republic (Eastern Germany) and explode an atomic bomb in 1949, and set up rival eastern bloc military alliance, the Warsaw Pact in 1955; sparked the massive arms race known as the Cold War
A goal to stop the spread of communism. The US had to use military and non military actions to stop the spread.
why was the Chinese civil war significant to the US?
Because we did not want the Civil war to result in a communist state
Where did the Nationalists retreat to?
They retreated to the Island of Tawian because the US had an alliance with Taiwan and if it were attacked than the US would have to get involved
How did the Korean War start? How did it end?
The Korean war started when the North Koreans invaded south Korea
what happened between MacAurthur and Truman?
Truman fired MacAurthur because he went outside of his boundries as an general in the army
a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
What was the HUAC
they were responsible for the 'Witch hunt" like trials and serches for people who were against the united states or were seen doing communist like activities
Dr. Benjamin Spock
Was a 1950's doctor who told the whole baby boom generation how to raise their kids. He also said that raising them was more important and rewarding than extra $ would be.
United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists (1908-1957). He blamed the army of having and doing Communist activities and this caused a trial to be held where he got completely wrecked on the nationally viewed television